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May Devotional Singing at Wayside Crucifixes in Northern Latgale (2020)
May devotional singing endures as an integral symbol of faith in northern Latgale. It is also a source of pride.
To the Inventory of ICH

Author:

Anda Beitane, Ruta Cibule

Oral tradition and its expressions, including language as a vehicle of intangible cultural heritage

Name

May Devotional Singing at Wayside Crucifixes in Northern Latgale (2020)

Earthquake pi crysta fun for Maria

Geography

North Latgale – Award, Baltinava, Rugar and Vilaka municipality. With more or less coverage intensity and local versions, it is distributed throughout Latgale.

The northeast part of Latgale, the present awards, Baltinava, Rugar and Vilaka municipality, is geographically located in the transition zone from the Island of Eastern Latgalia to Mudawa. Demarcated in the East with the political Latvian state border, in the west with the hundreds of hundreds of borders in the swamp, sparsely populated Daugava-Mudava (Velikai) watershed.
Ancient Latgale Purnova and Abelene Castle District. During the First Republic of Latvia, the part of Abrenes District.
The area, which also stayed in the 20 th and 21 st centuries from the largest development centres and motorways of the transport. Due to this, a high proportion of indigenous peoples – Latvian (Latgalian) with live traditions and printouts – remained in the parish.
This area is the ultimate northern point of Catholic dominance in Europe and the cultural-responsible national border. In almost every of the seventeen rural areas of North Latgale, as well as in the cities of Awards and Vilnius, there is at least one group of singers who practise the May singing in the 21 st century.

Description of the element

Name

May Devotional Singing at Wayside Crucifixes in Northern Latgale (2020)

Earthquake pi crysta fun for Maria

Geography

North Latgale – Award, Baltinava, Rugar and Vilaka municipality. With more or less coverage intensity and local versions, it is distributed throughout Latgale.

Community

The northeast part of Latgale, the present awards, Baltinava, Rugar and Vilaka municipality, is geographically located in the transition zone from the Island of Eastern Latgalia to Mudawa. Demarcated in the East with the political Latvian state border, in the west with the hundreds of hundreds of borders in the swamp, sparsely populated Daugava-Mudava (Velikai) watershed.
Ancient Latgale Purnova and Abelene Castle District. During the First Republic of Latvia, the part of Abrenes District.
The area, which also stayed in the 20 th and 21 st centuries from the largest development centres and motorways of the transport. Due to this, a high proportion of indigenous peoples – Latvian (Latgalian) with live traditions and printouts – remained in the parish.
This area is the ultimate northern point of Catholic dominance in Europe and the cultural-responsible national border. In almost every of the seventeen rural areas of North Latgale, as well as in the cities of Awards and Vilnius, there is at least one group of singers who practise the May singing in the 21 st century.

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Importance in Community Life

The May singing on crucifixes is an integral part of North Latgale, like the rest of Latgale's traditional culture.
It is part of the wider range of traditional Catholic traditional music, including the Lithuanian and Polish territories.
The northern Latgale, like every other location of the May singing, features special features that distinguish it from the others. This is, of course, related to people, with their individual and tradition experience. There is a crucifix in each village where the singing is held for the youngsters.
As a matter of essence, there is a number of Communities to speak here, as each of the crucifixes in the context of the tradition of singing has developed and continues to form part of its own Community.
Thus, in addition to the common tradition of traditions, each crucifix is characterised by its local features in the choice and performance of the repertoire and its related arrival.
The importance of this tradition, first of all, is the fact that, at the time of the occupation of Soviet occupations, when the singing of crucifixes was strictly prohibited and could be threatened by heavy punishment, it was, however, secretly practised.
There are several cases where crucifixes were hidden in the singer's home.
Singing to crucifixes for the singers themselves means much more than singing.
These are prayer and service that have a very important part of life in the Catholic Latgalians. The Catholic Church is not traditionally involved here. The singing of crucifixes is in the hands of the singers themselves.

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Activities and Functions

The singers usually begin with rosary census and/or the Litania of the Holy Virgin, followed by other dives (the same songs are called Catholic songs, whose texts are found in the Catholic prayer books).
As the whole month of May, therefore, the singing of the crucifixes devoted to the honour of the Virgin, most of the celebrations of Maria (the songs of the songs of the youngsters) are mostly executed, but other dwells are also sanctioned.
The singing is from prayer books, but only the song texts are found there. In recent editions, melodies are sometimes published, but since the singer (with some exceptions) does not read, it does not actually have any meaning. The melodies of songs are still inherited from generation to generation.
Each crucifix has one (sometimes several) leading singer who chooses what songs to sing.
She also usually starts songs and prayers. Prayers may be counted on several occasions.
Most often, the singing occurs in free nature at crucifixes, usually in the enclosure, with benches to sit down as the singing lasts approximately an hour.
Crucifixes may be placed in the centre of the village, at any other public place or on the side of the road, as well as at the singing houses. Crucifixes are beautifully luxurious, which is usually cared for by one of the members of the Community. There are also cases where the May songs are practised at a crucifix graveyard, church garden, or church.

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Beliefs, rituals, unwritten rules

Occasionally, the drawing of “značku” (signs or notes) is practised in the middle of the middle.
“Značka” means tasks written on small rectangular pages for the next day, week, or month. Each member of the singing (ks) is dragging “značka” and read to the others, what task is to be done – whether to count the puotaries (prayers), to make any specific work, etc.
Here is also a way for each task to be performed, for example, in “krysta sleeping puccus puotarus” etc. These tasks are then duly carried out. Usually the leading singer is the one who keeps the “značka” in his prayer book and arranges for them to be dragged.

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Inheritance and Transmission

Types of inheritance and transfer of the element.
1. An active practice that inspires and perspirates people who do not participate in it, but is looking at the process with dignity and awe.
2. In some cases projects are being developed, such as Baltinava municipality, which foresees active ageing of older generation of skills and youth communications during the May singing.
3. In separate parishes (Medņevas, Vectilja, Tilja, Baltinava), a group of singers of a cultural worker or an ethnographic ensemble shall leave and sing at the parish crucifixes, where there are no longer local traditions. These plans are announced in good time, and it is possible to join.

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History

In reference to Martin Boiko's writing, the exact age of May's singing is not yet determined due to insufficient research. In his view, it might be the second half of the 19 th century. “In Latgale and Upland, they emerged as a localization of the traditions of the 19 th century (Boiko, www.letonika.lv). The singing at the crucifixes in North Latgale took place every evening of May to the middle of the 20 th century.
Despite the efforts of Soviet occupation authorities to eradicate this tradition by destroying crucifixes and banning singing, the May singing continued secretly but with less intensity.
They were either at home where the crucifixes were hidden or in the graveyard. Many crucifixes were restored in the early 20 th century.
After Latvia's national independence, the singing was born, but not every evening, but one or several days a week or even less often.

Today, the May singing continues to be an integral symbol of the spiritual vertical of the people of North Latgale.
It is one of the rare forms of traditional culture, where we can see both its functioning without the presence of institutionalisation and the conduct of the cultural work organizers of local governments.
In the north latgale, 120 crucifixes were documented in spring 2019. Each of these is a special and very different story in the context of both its physical form and the May singing.
At least 60 of them are singing at least once a month. The intensity of the singing is different. Every day only a crucifix of the Kubulu parish centre is sanctioned.
The number of people in the countryside is shrinking, too.
An interesting example is the municipality of Berzpils, where eight of the 16 crucifixes in the parish are singing several times a week.
Each of them is a small but permanent group of songs. It is not organised by either cultural or local government.
This is the parish of the least institutionalisation in North Latgale in May in the context of the tradition of singing.
In several parishes, such as Baltinava (Baltinava municipality), Mednevas (Viļakas municipality), Tilja and Vectilža (both prizes in the municipality), the folklore set and the People's House leaders are involved in organising the singing.
This ensures that it is also sanctioned to the crucifixes where the independent population is no longer. There is also a cross where one person sings once a month, and a cross where nothing happens.
The age also makes some corrections in the repertoire of the singing. It is increasingly common to sing “old books”, characterised by earlier forms of language expression, as well as frequently performed songs that are no longer present in “new books”.
It can be said that the May singing repertoire is becoming more recent, also coming into modern compositions, which often become very popular and compete in the so-called old songs.
Unfortunately, there is a tendency to disappear in North Latgale, which was traditionally linked to the May singing repertoire. More often, the singing is unanimous.

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Additional Information

The particular value of the tradition is considered to be its ability to exist and function in its deep sense without the participation of institutions.
However, the dynamics of the time brought their corrections. All four municipality municipalities are associated with the different intensity of the elements: the municipality of Balvi, the municipality of Baltinava, the municipality of Rugar and the municipality of Vilaka Municipality and their institutions.

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Master Singers

1. Celina Kaupera, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
2. Anna pundure, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
3. Sylvia Slišāne, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
4. Scene login, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
5. Anastasia Gabrāne, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
6. Maria Celle, the parish of Briezuciema, the municipality of prizes,
7. Silvia Dzerkale, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
8. Valentine Keiša, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
9. Valentine Kamzola, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
10. Leontin Shakin, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
11. Alla Fiodorova, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
12. Livia Lochmele, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
13. Ineta Apšeniece, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
14. Inara Kamzola, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
15. Valentina Lochmele, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
16. Anita Pakalnīte, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
17. Skaidrite Pakalnite, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
18. Maruta Lochmele, Briezuciema civil parish, Award municipality, Oshukalns,
19. Maruta Lochmele, Baltinava municipality, Surikova,
20. Genovefa Zelch, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
21. Maria Decsne, Briezuciema civil parish, awards,
22. Livia cibule, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
23. Marianna Laganovska, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
24. Anita Platniece, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
25. Leontin Slišāne, Briezuciema civil parish, prize municipality,
26. Ilze Erdmane, Baltinava municipality,
27. Sarma Sutugova, Baltinava municipality,
28. Anele Vizule, Baltinava municipality,
29. Iveta Gabrāne, Baltinava municipality,
30. Antoņina Krakope, Baltinava municipality,
31. Anastasia Lochmele, Baltinava municipality,
32. Antonia Thomas, Baltinava municipality,
33. Valentine Dcold, Baltinava municipality,
34. Elizabeth Kaņepe, Baltinava municipality,
35. Lucia Lochmele, Baltinava municipality,
36. Anna Stranga, parish of Berzkalne, municipality of prizes,
37. March Corsala, the parish of Berzkalne, the municipality of prizes,
38. Irene Celle, parish of Berzkalne, province of prizes,
39. Anita Smite, parish of Berzkalne, province of prizes,
40. Silvija Strupka, parish of Berzkalne, municipality of prizes,
41. Elfred Abeltina, the parish of Berzkalne, the municipality of prizes,
42. Irene Jasinska, parish of Berzkalne, municipality of prizes,
43. Martin Bondarenko, parish of Berzkalne, municipality of prizes,
44. Skaidrite Saleniece, parish of Berzkalne, municipality of prizes,
45. Anna cibule, Berzkalne civil parish, prize municipality,
46. Anna Sudare, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
47. Marijanna Jurkane, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
48. Bronieislava feathers, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
49. Biruta Bogdane, Berzpils parish, province of prizes,
50. A long story, Berzpils civil parish, the municipality of prizes,
51. Anna Sidelnik, Berzpils parish, province of prizes,
52. Aloizs Svelpe, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
53. Veronica Ostina, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
54. Anna Bitaine, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
55. Inara Krivisha, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
56. Aivita, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
57. Adria Shuster, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
58. Antoņina Dundeniece, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
59. Stephanie Kindzule, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
60. Lucia Gaspažiņa, Berzpils parish, municipality of prizes,
61. Anna Poševa, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
62. Maria Siber, Berzpils parish, province of prizes,
63. Anna Jurkane, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
64. Helen Martuža, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
65. Veronica Chudare, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
66. Anna Kindzule, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
67. Ingrida Svelpe, Berzpils parish, prize municipality,
68. Peteris delveris, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
69. Zita Delvere, the parish of Berzpils, the municipality of prizes,
70. Curve Pugače, Tilja civil parish, prize municipality,
71. Anna Sisojeva, Tilja civil parish, province of prizes,
72. Anna Kaņepe, Tilja civil parish, province of prizes,
73. Inese Zelča, Tilja civil parish, province of prizes,
74. Anna Jermacane, Tilja civil parish, province of prizes,
75. Daiga Jēkabon, Tilja civil parish, municipality of prizes,
76. Inese Pujate, the municipality of Tilja parish,
77. Zane Pulcha, Tilja civil parish, prize municipality,
78. Inara Indriķe, Tilja civil parish, prize municipality,
79. Jolanta Kaša, Tilja civil parish, province of prizes,
80. Scene Zelch, Tilja civil parish, prize municipality,
81. Maria Gorshchale, Kubulu civil parish, awards,
82. Inara Pugeja, Kubulu civil parish, province of prizes,
83. Maruta oak, Kubulu civil parish, prize municipality,
84. Maria Books, Kubulu civil parish, prize municipality,
85. The municipality of Kozlovska, Kubulu civil parish, awards,
86. Inara Kaichenko, Kubulu civil parish, prize municipality,
87. May Osmane, Kubulu civil parish, province of prizes,
88. Adelaide Pipcāne, Kubulu civil parish, province of prizes,
89. Nellija Lielbarde, Kubulu civil parish, province of prizes,
90. Aija Pumpure, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
91. Ineta fox, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
92. Maris Pujul, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
93. Irina Husare, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
94. Inese Slišāne, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
95. Simona login, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
96. Aria Ruth, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
97. Estere Husare, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
98. Inata Pujule, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
99. Jānis zircenis, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
100. Laurita Lochmele, Squilbert parish Vilaka municipality,
101. Karina Romanova, Squilbert parish Vilaka municipality,
102. Karina Ruth, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
103. Christine fox, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
104. Janina fox, Squilbert parish Vilaka municipality,
105. Biruta Bebina, Kuprava parish, Vilaka municipality,
106. Velvet, Kuprava civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
107. Emerita Prancāne, Kuprava parish, Vilaka municipality,
108. Emerita Žabare, Kuprava parish, Vilaka municipality,
109. Edita Vilnius, Kuprava parish, Vilaka municipality,
110. Antonia Jermacane, Vectilža civil parish, province of prizes,
111. Inese Jermacane, Vectilža civil parish, province of prizes,
112. Sonora login, Vectilža civil parish, prize municipality,
113. Maria Lochmele, Vectilža civil parish, province of prizes,
114. Domicile login, Vectilža civil parish, municipality of prizes,
115. Marina login, Vectilža civil parish, prize municipality,
116. Antoņina White, Vectilža parish, province of prizes,
117. Marīte Lazorenko, Vectilža parish, prize municipality,
118. Maruta Arule, Vectilža parish, province of prizes,
119. Inta Zaharane, Vectilža civil parish, province of prizes,
120. Nathalie Shustov, Vectilža civil parish, province of prizes,
121. Solveta logina, Vectilža civil parish, prize municipality,
122. Iveta Zelča, Vectilža civil parish, prize municipality,
123. Elijah login, Vectilža civil parish, prize municipality,
124. Genovefa Jermacane, Vectilža civil parish, province of prizes,
125. Theresis Kaijere, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
126. Vineta Zetkalne, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
127. Anna Annushan, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
128. Inita Raginska, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
129. Guntars Skutel, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
130. Lydia Brockana, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality
131. Maria Pitkevich, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
132. Evita Zaremba - Kruger, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
133. Anita Zaremba, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
134. Lydia, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
135. Martha Dortan, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
136. Valentine Dortan, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
137. Lucia Saicane, Vilaka City, Vilaka municipality,
138. Aldis Pushpurs, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
139. Emerita Pranckune, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
140. Anna Machāne, Susja parish, Vilaka municipality,
141. Anna Gabrāne, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
142. Antoņina Kalinina, Susja parish, Vilaka municipality,
143. Indra Machāne, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
144. Valentina Romanovska, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
145. Biruta Bukovsky, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
146. Marita Pitkevich, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
147. Lucia Korneva, Susja civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
148. Vija Martuzane, Krišana civil parish, prize municipality,
149. Inese Zelča, Krišjana civil parish, prize municipality,
150. The scene in Lochmele, the parish of Krišana, the province of prizes,
151. Scene Zelch, Krišjana civil parish, prize municipality,
152. Vitalijs Pujats, Krišjana civil parish, prize municipality,
153. Inara head, Krišana civil parish, prize municipality,
154. Inara Zelch, Krišjana civil parish, prize municipality,
155. Valentina Pujate, Krišana civil parish, prize municipality,
156. Zenta Šakale, Krišana civil parish, prize municipality,
157. Lily Zelch, Krišana civil parish, prize municipality,
158. Lily Zelch, Madona, Madona municipality,
159. Sandra Lochmele, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
160. Helen Locane, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
161. Scene Prancāne, Medeņevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality, s
162. Valentine Babane, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
163. Marina River, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
164. River Anita, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
165. Zinta Babane, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
166. Sylvia Babane, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
167. Malvine Lochmele, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
168. Skaidrite Saicane, Mednevas civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
169. Yevgenia Rachāne, parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
170. Anna Saundjeva, parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
171. Velta login, age parish, Vilaka municipality,
172. Maruta Kokorevich, the parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
173. Olga Kokorevich, the parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
174. Irene Keate, parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
175. Elizabeth login, parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
176. The municipality of Kokorevich, the parish of ages, the municipality of Vilnius,
177. Janina Kokorevich, the parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
178. Livia Kokorevich, the parish of ages, Vilaka municipality,
179. Valentine Keiša, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
180. Loretta Shakin, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
181. Gunita Shakin, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
182. Irmine Slišāne, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
183. Iveta login, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
184. Maria Supe, Squibenes civil parish, Vilaka municipality,
185. Irene Keith, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
186. Malvina Romka, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
187. Anna Keiša, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
188. Laura Books, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
189. Dainis Keiesh, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
190. Livia Supe, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
191. Valentine Mežaka, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
192. Aija Korneja, Squilbert parish, Vilaka municipality,
193. Anna Schtekele, Lazdukelna parish, rugar municipality,
194. Ivars Vītols, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
195. Peteris Jermacans, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
196. League Zizlāne, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
197. Regina Chudarane, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
198. Iveta Urshalska, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
199. Veronica Janisha, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
200. Vincentina bush, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
201. Emilia Bondare, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
202. Livia Lucas, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
203. Zita Kuzma, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
204. Aija Ikstena, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
205. Judīte Pasikova, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
206. Valda Šmagre, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
207. Rudīte Kuzmina, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
208. Silvia Decsne, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality,
209. Iveta Birkova, Lazdukalna parish, rugar municipality.

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Strengthening the Tradition

1. In the 90 s of the 20 th century, the Cultural Division of the Prize of Prize publicly expressed the view that the May songs were an essential and important part of the People's culture and invited people to join the tradition. The crucifixes on which the singing are held were collected and published in the district newspaper.
2. In 2001, 2004 and 2006, the celebrations of May's spiritual music festival became an essential part of these festivals.
3. In 2003 and 2004, a project called “May singing at crucifixes” was carried out, which foresaw the introduction of singer groups, the documentation of songs, photo fixation and a seminar with analysis of the material produced and a forecast of the future perspective of the tradition.
4. Individual parishes, such as Briezuciems and Vīksna, attracted the FINANCING of THE CKF and LEADER programmes for the sorting of crucifixes.
5. A photo fixation of 108 North Latgale crucifixes was performed in 2008 and 2009.
6. In 2016, the VKKF project for the involvement of children and young people in the May singing was implemented in Baltinava municipality.
7. Every year, the North Latgale newspaper “Vadfire” for May's singing is at least one publication. Every year the museum shall perform at least one video documentation of the singing.
8. In 2019, the North Latgale crucifixes (120) were re-documented, details of the singer groups.

Traditions do this without thinking about plans and perspectives, they simply do it without knowing the uniqueness of the case and the invaluable charm of their activities.
Past activities have helped them understand the importance of their activities. Publicity has made it possible to attract younger people to this issue, as well as the support of parish leaders in cases where it is necessary.
There has been a good and regular collaboration with Joseph wiltola Latvian music academy, which means not only ethnousicologists and student involvement, but also cooperation in international research and study programmes.
The attendance of the May singing is included in the content of THE JVLMA ERASMUS Student Study programme, which in turn implies wide international publicity, as students come from different countries of the world and bring not only the experience of the May singing experience (students usually engage in singing), but also the warmth of the people of North Latgale.

The municipalities have always provided and provide their support to address the various organisational issues.
It is most often a transport provision for the arrival and removal of older wives to cross-country singing, events in a free museum or other activities where the May singing tradition is presented.
Municipalities are willing to participate in supporting documentation and research. This is reflected in the transport provision for local crossings, accommodation and catering provision, the preparation of the information base necessary for the preparation of research.
In some cases, municipalities engage in cross-border infrastructure management, but it is based on the Community's responsibility.
The financing of the projects has been attracted by the municipalities of Briezuciema and vines (the province of prizes) for the renewal and sorting of crucifixes.
On the other hand, there are several examples in the municipality of Batinava when the farmer who leases and treats the plot of land on which the crucifix is located assumes responsibility for restoring it.
In Vilaka municipality, Susja parish is an example when a private person restores a crucifix (Swapova, Eggkova) every year.
In the parish of Susukas and ages (Vilakas municipality), individual persons have invested funds to build crucifixes at the place of their villages, where people are no longer practically living, as well as organizing singers and transport to these places at least once in the month of May.
Individual enthusiasts are regularly updated and even supplemented by an already rich Award of Berzpils parish, a family of crucifixes. The beast crucifix (Berzpils parish, the province of prizes), at which regular singing is held, has also anticipated the participation of the restorers of the Rēzekne Arts and Design Secondary School in order to organize it.
North Latgale is not homogenous, but overall it is characterised by striking people's desire to take care of irrational things.
For the time being, this process does not require an artificially organized action. Positive communication and support are provided from local governments, when necessary.

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Continuity/Development

To ensure the identification of the element:
1. Cooperation with traditional music researchers and students will be continued through regular documenting of the May songs. At least one full singing record will be performed every year with the aim of covering as many and different singing groups as possible.
2. Research results will be presented at local and international conferences as well as in researchers' publications.
3. In the North Latgale newspaper “Vadfire”, there will be at least one publication on the progress of the singing at one of the region's crucifixes every year. The development of the tradition is reflected in the “one-home” project of the society integration fund and media support fund.
4. The application of North Latgale Excellent Expressions will be continued TO THE CKF life scholarships and the recognition of appreciation and gratitude.
5. The collection, collection and publication of singer-life stories in the cultural history database of the Baltic region will be continued.

6. It is intended to continue active cooperation with “radio Marija”, which makes regular direct translations from Latgale crucifixes every year. Maintain the share of Ziemellatgale translations currently in force in the total range of broadcasts.
7. Do not impose imposing or conspicuous activities, but, in view of the processes, support requests from local government-side singing groups to address transport issues or infrastructure issues.

The aim of these measures is to maintain that they do not lose. Promote to attract new people. Study and document to avoid shallow. Do not interfere, but be adjacent to undistorted and undegraded.

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Threats to the Tradition

The threat of May singing is caused by:
1. The dramatic decline in the population in rural areas, including North Latgale.
2. There is a potential threat to local form and version niveling in favour of any other, possibly a more popular singing option.

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Applicant

Vilaka municipality municipality

Gallery

baldones_1935

The people of the Balda village at their crucifix. The photograph shows Ruth Cibule's grandmother, holding Ruth's 2-year-old father in her lap
Rugja civil parish, 1935. Unknown author photo from Ruth Cibule personal archive

javenieki_2019

Javenieku crucifix and singers during the documentary expedition of crucifixes
The municipality of Berzpils, 2019. Ruth Cibule photo

kubuli_2020

Kubulu parish wives at the Kubulu centre crucifix during May's singing
Award municipality, Kubulu civil parish, 2020. Ruth Cibule photo

kuprava_2003

Vilaka Municipality of Kuprava village at Kuprava Church crucifix
Award municipality, parish of vines, 2003. Ruth Cibule photo

loduma_2018

Losty village wives at the crucifix during May's singing
Vilaka municipality, Mednevas civil parish, 2018. Ruth Cibule photo

muorkova_2019

Baltinava municipality's wives at Muorkova crucifix
Baltinava municipality, 2019. Ruth Cibule photo

pakasova_2017

Squilbert parish wives at Pakachow kucifixes
Squilbert civil parish, 2017. Ruth Cibule photo

purvinas_2019

Krišjana parish wives at the purse crucifix
Balvi municipality, 2019. Ruth Cibule photo

svilpova_2004

Lubricating village crucifix
Baltinava municipality, 2004. Ruth Cibule photo

vectilza_centrs_2016

Vectilža parish wives at the parish centre crucifix during the May singing
Prize municipality, 2016. Ruth Cibule photo

Audio Materials

The May singing record, dominated by Stephanie Matisāne's voice, also heard Anna Schemelinska.
Rekova, 1995. Andas Beitanes audio

Snippet from radio Marie's May singing live record
Loduma, 2017. Radio Marie Latvia Audio

Snippet from radio Marie's May singing live record
Loduma, 2017. Radio Marie Latvia Audio

Snippet from radio Marie's May singing live record
Loduma, 2017. Radio Marie Latvia Audio

Snippet from radio Marie's May singing live record
Loduma, 2017. Radio Marie Latvia Audio

Video Material

Museum exhibition “intangible cultural heritage in North Latgale” video for May songs
Krutova, Aukrai, Crutova, Crutova, Aukrai, Crucifixes of Berzpils Centre and Berger Catholic Church (Award). 2004-2008. Museum video of the awards

May singing in Muorkova on the day of the revival of the renewed crucifix
Baltinavas civil parish, 2019. Ruth Cibule Video

May singing in Purni
Award municipality, Krišana civil parish, 2019. Ruth Cibule Video

May singing in Pakaaw
Vilaka municipality, Squilbert civil parish, 2017. Ruth Cibule Video

May singing in Old Bridge
Prize municipality, 2016. Andas Beitanes Video

Publications

Beitane, Anda. (2018). Notes from Latvia. Multipart Music in the Field. European Voices: audiovisuals 1. Compiled and Commented by Anda Beitane. Signal Processing and Mastering by Varis Current. Vienna and Riga: Department for folk Music Research and Ethnomusicology of the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna. Jaseps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music.

Beitane, Anda. (2014). “Traditional Polyphony in the officium defunctorum in North-Eastern Latvia”. In Proceedings of the 6 th International Symposium on Traditional Polyphony. Rusudan Tsurtsumia and Joseph Jordania, eds. Tbilisi International Research Center for Traditional Polyphony of Tbilisi Vano Sarajishvili State Conservatoire, 2014, 238-245.

Cibule, Ruth. (2020). Knife with culturys radzamou. Conversation with Ruth Cibuli: [interview with Award Central Library Director Ruth Cibuli]/R.Cibule, S. Water// LaKuGa [e-magazine] - 11.02.2020.

Gabranov, Edgar. (2018). Live pi crucifixes: [on May singing at crucifix in Kurna, Kubulu parish]/E.Gabranov// Control. - ISSN 1407-9844. - No. 38 (2018, May 25), p. [1]: photogr.

Login, Zinaide. (2016). As a result of the vibrations of the soul, [the “radio Marija Latvija” radio station in Tilja/text is told by R.Miķelson, I.Laupace, A.Sisojeva, R.Cibule, puzzle. Z.login// Control. - ISSN 1407-9844. - No. 43 (2016, 3 June), p. 5; photo.

Login, Zinaide. (2020). In Latgale says, “the chievous pi krysta”: [about the May singing tradition at the time when the gathering together is restricted by the country-specific emergency]/Zinaide logina; the text says Ruta cibule, Helen Locane, Malvine Lochmele, Sylvia Babane, Anna Prancāne, Anita River, Lucia Gaspažiņa, Ingrida Svelpe, long writing, Bronieislava feathers, Maria Buksa, Tekla Kozlovska// Vadfire. - No 37 (2020, 19 May), p. 7, photo gr.

Pantel, Guna (2002). The tradition of May services in Eastern Latvia// materials on culture in Latvia. Riga, science, 2002.200-213

Radio Marie. (2017). The May singing in various Latgale provinces 2017. DVD/radio Marija Latvia. Riga: Radio Maria Latvia.

Ranana, Ann. (2003). If there is a cross, you must sing: [on Catholic tradition - May singing at the crossroads in Baltinava parish in Swapova and Lazdukalna parish in Mastar]/Anna Ranāne; AivarLiepiņa photo. - The text says the singer Baiba Supe and Anna Mežale from Baltinava parish and Anna Schtekele from Lazdukalna parish// day. - (Piel. Saturday) - ISSN 1407-1290. - (2003, 31 May), pp. 16-19: photogr.

Goldhill, Vineta. (2019). The Travel Cross tradition is alive: [on the preservation of the May singing to crucifixes in Vilnius municipality]/Vineta Goltkalne; the text says Pr. G. Skutel and M. Jeromane// Vilaka municipality. - No. 5 (2019, 28 May), p. 12: photo.

Goldhill, Vineta. (2015). How to preserve the tradition of May singing?: [the month of May is hurried, the most charming singers and the stories of traditions, sanctioned every day by God's honour at crosses, crucifixes]/Vineta Zeltkalne// Control. - ISSN 1407-9844. - No. 42 (2015. June 9), p. 8, photo.

Zinkovsk, Ingrida. (2016). Singing songs to God's honour: [about the May singing traditions in Baltinvas municipality]/text story psalm singer F.Avišāne, School M.Laganovska, head of the Prize Central Library R.Cibule, pierakst. I.zinkovska; photo A.Kirsanov// Control. - ISSN 1407-9844. - No. 40 (2016, 24 May), p. 8; photo.

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Websites

http://balvurcb.lv/kb/index.php?CategoryID=32 - information on more than 100 North Latgale crucifixes

http://balvurcb.lv/kb/index.php?CategoryID=29 - for May songs in separate parishes, including with added publication lists

http://balvurcb.lv/kb/index.php?CategoryID=74 - for more than 100 catolic traditional music practitioners

http://balvurcb.lv/kb/index.php?CategoryID=60 - Latvian Radio Cora Expedition Materials in North Latgale in 2009, including May songs. Berzpils, Tilja, Cape, Vilaka

https://www.letonika.lv/groups/default.aspx?title=LKK%20resurss/22 - short historical insight into tradition

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