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Latvian card game zolte (2021)
To the Inventory of ICH

Author:

Martins

Oral tradition and its expressions, including language as a vehicle of intangible cultural heritage

Music/performing arts

Name

Latvian card game zolte.

Zolite, sole, less than revelled.

Geography

The zolite is played throughout Latvia and also in diaspora – Latvian communities outside Latvia.

The soldiers are mainly Latvians in Latvia, but it has been observed that the soldiers are also played by representatives of other nationalities. The soldiers play from early youth to old age, both students and well-known people. Most of the Community is composed by men aged 35-65. The community of soldiers is the people joining the willingness to spend time playing a game that makes it possible to involve and exercise the mind, to think with them, to promote memory, and to spend time well. The zolite game can be a family of families, family traditions, work, amateur art, as the Community is composed of both free-time soldiers and professionals who have joined the soldiers. Latvian soldiers have a significant role to play in maintaining the zolite tradition. The most professional soldiers have joined and actively participate in the local soldiers organized by Latvian soldiers (LZF). Each year, THE LZF organizes a Latvian championship in the championship where the best players in the Community are actually participating (~ 120-150). In recent years, online opportunities have a significant role to play in preserving the tradition of soldiers. There are several sites on the Internet where you can play soldiers online - one of them is a www.zolmaniem.lv where those who are more comfortable playing soldiers are involved in the Community-based community. At the same www.zolmaniem.lv, the most important role in the Community is the organisation of online zolite tournaments, including through cooperation with several Latvian municipalities, thus updating the online zolite tournament as a good, valuable and sporting opportunity to spend time, which is used by soldiers from across Latvia. There are several zolite clubs, such as the Riga Zolite Club, the Riga Latvian Society Zolite Club uc.

Description of the element

Name

Latvian card game zolte.

Zolite, sole, less than revelled.

Geography

The zolite is played throughout Latvia and also in diaspora – Latvian communities outside Latvia.

Community

The soldiers are mainly Latvians in Latvia, but it has been observed that the soldiers are also played by representatives of other nationalities. The soldiers play from early youth to old age, both students and well-known people. Most of the Community is composed by men aged 35-65. The community of soldiers is the people joining the willingness to spend time playing a game that makes it possible to involve and exercise the mind, to think with them, to promote memory, and to spend time well. The zolite game can be a family of families, family traditions, work, amateur art, as the Community is composed of both free-time soldiers and professionals who have joined the soldiers. Latvian soldiers have a significant role to play in maintaining the zolite tradition. The most professional soldiers have joined and actively participate in the local soldiers organized by Latvian soldiers (LZF). Each year, THE LZF organizes a Latvian championship in the championship where the best players in the Community are actually participating (~ 120-150). In recent years, online opportunities have a significant role to play in preserving the tradition of soldiers. There are several sites on the Internet where you can play soldiers online - one of them is a www.zolmaniem.lv where those who are more comfortable playing soldiers are involved in the Community-based community. At the same www.zolmaniem.lv, the most important role in the Community is the organisation of online zolite tournaments, including through cooperation with several Latvian municipalities, thus updating the online zolite tournament as a good, valuable and sporting opportunity to spend time, which is used by soldiers from across Latvia. There are several zolite clubs, such as the Riga Zolite Club, the Riga Latvian Society Zolite Club uc.

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Importance in Community Life

A soldier in Latvian society is regarded as a Latvian card game. On the other hand, it has won the Latvian national card game title.
There is a mind and a luck-card game, the soldier is a mind-card game, because to win, you need more good playing skills and sharp mind.
This card game is known not only as a sole, but also a soldier and also known as a revelation mentioned in the book “Card games” published in 1931 of Emanuel Laskera. When the soles began to play in Latvia, it is not clear that the sole is that the sole belongs to the group of German card games “Schafkopf” (for games in this group there are certain trunks – all servants or all ladies, or sometimes together – who are stronger than the other trunks).

A unique type of game with 26 cards only features Latvia's zolt.

The zolite is a special game of mind that has a unique way of playing or rules that are not found in any other known mind game. The zolt has many meanings and the main ones are the opportunity for people of different ages and sex to spend time together. A soldier, like English bridge, is a game of mind, so the soldiers exercise their mind, strengthen memory, and develop logical and analytical thinking – these things are important and important as youth (developing the mind), in its old age (maintaining a sharp mind), while, of course, spending well and qualitatively, as well as promoting the sharing of the experience of playing skills with both known and unknown people.

The zolite is a sense of mind, not a game of money and money. The zolite is a game of mind and, according to the Latvian Republic of Latvia's gambling and lottery law, did not qualify as a gambling – this is also recognised by the inspection inspection of lotteries and gambling.

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Activities and Functions

Mostly soldiers play 3-4 people and 26 cards are used from the cards. The soldiers are related to play at home (family and friends), in various tournaments or competitions, as well as on the Internet (including online tournaments).

The tournaments are divided into two categories:
1) Latvian soldiers rating tournaments. By one Saturday/Sunday, they are published on the website of the Latvian soldiers at www.zolei.lv. In general, there are 400 participants in rating tournaments who can be seen as soldiers for the active sports representatives of this mind. Traditionally, the following tournaments are held every year: “Latvian championship“ A ”and“ B ”finals”, “Latvian soldiers' TOP 50 zolite tournament”, “Riga Cup in zolite”, “Jolite Professor Edgars Tarānova memorial tournament”, “Diploma zolite tournament” and many others.
2) other tournaments, which were not classified as rating tournaments, but as entertainment tournaments, such as novadu or urban holidays or sporting days, such as “Carnikavas nigu festival bucket in zolite”, “Olaine zolite championship”, “Garkalnes municipality championship”, “Mores open zolite championship”, and many others.

Latvian zolite championship is organised every year in the month of December by the Latvian Forest Federation (LZF). LZF offers a number of best players to participate in this championship, which takes place in two stages. In Phase B, the top 200 players are placed on the rating and from these best 30 iscin opportunities to participate in a phase or finals tournament, where a total of ~ 50 participants (30 from stage B and other players with zolite masters and supermaster titles) participate. In the rating system of soldiers, each player shall be awarded the points for certain achievements in soldiers organised in concert with the Latvian soldiers. For these tournaments, THE LZF sets out some additional criteria that must be observed to receive points from the players who have taken a place in them. For example, the minimum number of participants, the number of cards to be played and the number of lots in each round, as well as other prerequisites, shall be determined. Therefore, the tournament organisers are recommended to communicate with THE LZF in a timely manner and to obtain the necessary co-ordinations so that the results obtained by the intended sole tournament players are listed in the common sole rating system. The Latvian zole championship and most of THE tournaments co-ordinated with THE LZF play the so-called classic zolt – which means that the sole is played with poles without minor and without all kinds of dark soles.

Also, people known in society tend to hold private soldiers, such as Raimonda Gerkena's Liga zolite tournament (an annex to the interview with some of the 2015 tournament participants).

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Beliefs, rituals, unwritten rules

There are several beliefs and rituals, but they are mostly for each player individually and thus most often others, such as the solicitation of the soldiers, and at least one piece of clothing must be accompanied by a card symbolic.
There are some unwritten solo laws, such as when playing zolite “big” (one player who plays against other players in a given party) loses “jays” (a special kind of loss in soldiers when the “big” game has taken 30 or less points), then the other players get to their feet after the party in question, thus showing a respect for the “big”.
When you play in an informal atmosphere, if the large drum grows, then it is easy to whistle.

Zolite players are willing to share their experience with special, unusual, complex and otherwise non-standard party games so that a post-game analysis can be carried out and often jointly laugh if there is an amisant situation.
There are also their “shadow” sides – gambling, gambling, unrespectful behaviour at the time of the tournament – and, of course, such acts have severe sanctions, as the judges of the tournament concerned inform the representatives of the Latvian soldiers who give the perpetrator the disqualification - the denial of participation in official soldiers.

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Inheritance and Transmission

Inherit the solicitation skills (1) can be obtained from another soldier (the best option), 2) by reading the solo rules. The soldiers can best learn how to play together with people, because players can give each other valuable tips. On the other hand, online gaming experience and communication are more restricted due to time, because online gambling takes place faster (due to the fact that the cards are distributed by the computer program), so there is no time to discuss the game itself. It is more difficult to learn soldiers on websites where you do not offer a “chat” or a discussion opportunity.

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History

According to the information available in the book “zolte in Latvia and the world” published in 1996 by the President of the writer and the current Latvian soldier Federation (founded in 1996), the exact origin of the zolite is unknown, only that it has been played in Latvia long ago and in this respect the most ancient descriptions of the zolite rules are recorded in Emanuel Laskera's book (1931), where the zolte is referred to as a revelity or zole. Most likely E.Laskera's 1931 book was re-issued in 1991 in Emanuel Lasker's edition of the same name. The following information is still available on the origin of the solo in A. Kolberg's book:

“The first descriptions of this game in Germany are 19.gs around. The zolite belongs to the so-called“ endischer Schafscopf ”variant, specifically“ Drei endsch ”. (The normal“ Schafscopf ”is played by 4, but“ Drei endsch ”only three players.) The zolt is something between the normal“ Drei endsch ”, which is played with 32 cards and“ aso Drei endsch ”, where only 24 cards are played. The zolites are played with 26 cards. I looked at a row of German cards, but no one found a variation on Schafscopf that we played for Latvians. It is concluded that the zolite is a special“ Schafscopf ”Baltic. The Latvian designation zolte will have evolved from the word solo, as there is always one game against two.”

The experienced players know that the zolt was also played during interwar and during Soviet times. Previously, the zolt was particularly popular among students.

The 21 st century has introduced some possibilities, as the soldiers became able to play online. On the one hand, this option helps to make it easier and more convenient for players who have already learned the soldiers. On the other hand, on the other hand, it is evident that fewer young players are acquiring soldiers, as many other games can also be played online.

The valuable benefit that the soldier gives to a man has always been very topical - especially now that there is a lot of entertainment and time spending, which, unfortunately, does not provide any real benefits to the mind. Of_course, soldiers, like any other mind game, are more difficult to learn, so that the soldiers play fewer people. People increasingly prefer games that do not require such a great effort as a soldier. In the past, the zolt was the reason for meeting and currently, mostly soldiers playing online. The online play of soldiers is regarded as a significant turning point in the further development of traditions, given that technological possibilities help people at any time and instead find an opportunity to play soldiers and, consequently, preserve this intangible cultural heritage.

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Additional Information

The solicitation of the zolite is characterised by and characterized by the vocabulary of its players – a special word Krajums, and a combination of cards and combinations thereof (bald disoster, creicene, Pīķene, jelgwriter, broad, half-latent, etc.), both expressions – “luck”, “table is not pig”, “miss”, “bite” etc. This more can be read in the second section of the attachment zolite rule manuscript file - “Explanations of the terms and expressions used in the game”.
Other forms of knowledge and skills are very binding in the accompanying audio files.

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Master Singers

The Latvian Forest Federation has developed a special rating system, in which the soldiers of the soldier can obtain a soldier's master and a supermaster title – people with these titles are those who have learned the skills of these soldiers at the best level, as these people are able to justify each of their moves, the mind and memory have understood the possible distribution of cards among the players, as well as the ability to keep a large amount of information – the lost and remaining drums in the game, the collected points for both themselves and the opponents utml. According to Latvian soldiers of Latvian soldiers, the 2020 rating of Latvian soldiers from the total of 370 players in the rating, 1 st is Ojars polis, 2 nd Raimonds Skuja and 3 rd place Normunds Davidson.

Among the most skilled, most knowledgeable soldiers, the organisers of Community life and leaders in Latvia are currently active soldiers with titles “master” and “great master”. One of the best soldiers of Latvia is Raimonds Skuja, Uldis Plieniņš, Ilgvars Gritāns. However, most of the best soldiers will admit that the best soldier is the legendary and recently retired Edgar Tarinov, who has been called “professor” in the soldiers of the soldiers, as the art of his soldier was at the highest level. For his honour every year, the Latvian Forest Federation organizes a memorial tournament “Jolite Professor Edgars Tarinov memorial tournament”.
More information in the Attachment file “Summary of zolite players statistics”.

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Institutions and Organizations

Latvian Zolite Federation (first zolite federation was founded in 1996, while the Latvian Forest Federation was founded in 2014).
Several websites where you can play soldiers online, such as www.zolmaniem.lv and others.
Various zolite sports clubs, such as Riga Zolite Club (founded in 2014), Marupes zolite club (founded in 2017).
Several Latvian provinces, municipalities, cities where zolite tournaments are held, urban or municipality festivals, or other traditional tournaments such as Ādaži, Carnikava, Valmiera, Valka, Jackabpils, Bauska, Ithumile, Riga, Inčukalns, Garkalne, more, Olaine and others.
Riga Technical University, Riga Stradiņš University, Latvian Higher School sports Union etc., which provides great support to the Latvian Open Championship zolite for students.

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Strengthening the Tradition

1. Latvian championship in zolite (with the exception of the 2020 s COVID-19) is organised every year from the Latvian soldiers of Latvia - this is planned to continue to be done by the Latvian Forest Federation.
2. Latvian championship of Latvian championship (with the exception of the 2020 s COVID-19) is organised every year by Latvian championship and SIA ZOLMAN – this is planned to continue to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in cooperation with the Latvian soldiers.
3. From a variety of companies – a chance to play soldiers online – this is planned to continue to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS and other online soldiers.
4. From the Latvian soldiers and SIA ZOLMANS, the party was started to write a manuscript for a new book on soldiers, including both regulations and other information regarding soldiers, such as compiling the list of all Latvian champions since 1996, the zolite code – this is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in cooperation with the Latvian soldiers.

These activities have been very positive, as Latvian championships help to preserve the traditions of soldiers at professional level. The organisation of zolite championship students helps to involve younger year-old players and to create resonance in society among young people. The correspondence of new and current soldiers helps to preserve the solo rules at least virtually, by publishing online soldiers on sites that help to keep these playing skills at a higher level than they have been on the spot.

So far, there has been support in terms of collateralisation of tournament sites organised by the Latvian soldiers, a voluntary work and donation award in the form of a fund.

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Continuity/Development

1. Research will be carried out on how the English bridge achieved that it was officially recognised as sport, so that soldiers could be recognised equally, as the zolite is also a mind game and at the same time sport, similar to bridge or chess, is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in collaboration with the Latvian soldiers.
2. More in-depth research on the history and origin of soldiers will be carried out – this is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in cooperation with the Latvian soldiers.
3. A new book on soldiers will be issued – this book will document both current soldiers and all previous Latvian champion names and other information regarding soldiers, such as the zolite code of ethics – this is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in cooperation with the Latvian soldiers.

The implementation of the measures is planned in the next 5 years by financing from donations received from the Latvian soldiers in the Federation, as well as by the funds allocated by the sponsors and co-operation partners.

1. Develop a new online solo game site that meets the current rules of soldiers (what they actually exist after the clarifications and corrections made by the Latvian soldiers in soldiers regulations), as well as the introduction of an online Latvian championship championship – this is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in cooperation with the Latvian soldiers.
2. The organisation of Latvian championships will be continued – this is planned by the Latvian Forest Federation.
3. The Latvian champions of Latvian championship will be interviewed in order to draw their wisdom and be able to maintain their valuable opinion on the game of mind of the Latvian culture – this is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in cooperation with the Latvian soldiers.
4. A special guide will be prepared to make it easier for young players to learn more easily and faster – this is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in collaboration with the Latvian soldiers.
5. A new book on zolite will be issued – this is planned to be done BY SIA ZOLMANS in cooperation with the Latvian soldiers.

The implementation of the measures is planned in the next 5 years by financing from donations received from the Latvian soldiers in the Federation, as well as by the funds allocated by the sponsors and co-operation partners.

1. Promotion of soldiers in Latvia, involving more and more younger generations;
2. Promotion of soldiers in the wider public;
3. Promote a positive image of the solo so that it is more associated with the mind-card game;
4. Develop soldiers as a form of mind sport.

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Threats to the Tradition

Since Mr Kolberga's books on soldiers in 1996, which also included the rules of the zolite, they have, in fact, changed over time and that knowledge is currently only in the circles of the soldiers. Mainly for those players who actively play soldiers in tournaments across Latvia – the number of such people is only ~ 400 (four hundred). As a result, online gambling is often not in line with actual solo rules. Consequently, the current rules of the game and the nuances associated with them are not defined and fixed, so the continuity of the game is endangered.

Most often play the so-called “classic soles”, which means that a zolt is played with an opportunity to play “big” or “zole”, but if no one says any of these two options, then one total “pulse” is recorded and the cards are re-released for a new batch. However, there are other forms of play, such as “small soles” and “table”. There is currently a lack of research so that it can be justified and reasoned to draw conclusions on how the behaviours of soldiers have changed over time as regards the types of soldiers. There is a hypothesis that increasing popularity among soldiers has gained the chance of “small soles”.

Of course, the tradition of the player's successors is also threatened by the tradition, which is shown by the fact that the soldier of young people and students can only be heard. The reason is the opportunities for digital leisure of the 21 st century – the online play of soldiers has not only introduced changes in the tradition, but also raises the issue of competition with other online games and offers. It is possible that one of the threats is also the level of public awareness of card games, linking them mainly to the azar and the playing of money, not the sharpening of mind and the well-spent time.

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Applicant

Martins

Gallery

20191026_LZČ_studentiem_2019_1

2019 Latvian Open Championship in zolite for students.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2019 Latvian Open championship zolite for students. 26.10.2019.

20191026_LZČ_studentiem_2019_2

2019 Latvian Open Championship in zolite for students.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2019 Latvian Open championship zolite for students. 26.10.2019.

20191026_LZČ_studentiem_2019_3

2019 Latvian Open Championship in zolite for students.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2019 Latvian Open championship zolite for students. 26.10.2019.

20191026_LZČ_studentiem_2019_4

2019 Latvian Open Championship in zolite for students.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2019 Latvian Open championship zolite for students. 26.10.2019.

20191026_LZČ_studentiem_2019_5

2019 Latvian Open Championship in zolite for students.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2019 Latvian Open championship zolite for students. 26.10.2019.

20131207_LZČ_2013_1

2013 Latvian championship in zolite.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2013 Latvian championship zolite. 07.12.2013.

20131207_LZČ_2013_2

2013 Latvian championship in zolite.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2013 Latvian championship zolite. 07.12.2013.

20131207_LZČ_2013_3

2013 Latvian championship in zolite.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2013 Latvian championship zolite. 07.12.2013.

20141206_LZČ_2014_1

2014 Latvian championship in zolite.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2014 Latvian championship zolite. 06.12.2014.

20141206_LZČ_2014_2

2014 Latvian championship in zolite.
Photo: Martin's tear. The photos are shown in the 2014 Latvian championship zolite. 06.12.2014.

Audio Materials

Interview with members of the Board of the Latvian soldiers.
Interview with Latvian soldiers Ivars Wilemson and Mars Skušku (currently Maris wind). Martins snapped and tuned 11.09.2013.

Interview with a member of the Board of Latvian soldiers.
Interview with Latvian soldier Board member Valdis Vaitcus. Martins strained and matched 14.11.2013.

Interview with Raimonds Gerkena.
Interview with Raimonds Gerkena, RRaimonda Gerkena. Marked Martin's predator and the sound of 26.08.2013

Interview with Gunti Ulmanis.
Interview with Raimonda Gerkena Liga zolite tournament member Gunti Ulmanis. Martins strained and matched on 15.06.2014.

Interview with Mars gaili.
Interview with Raimonda Gerkena Liga zolite member Mars gaili. Martins strained and matched on 15.06.2014.

Video Material

In 2019, the Latvian Open Championship zolite is a video for students.
Video: Martin film. The video was taken on 26.10.2019. and is shown in the 2010 Latvian Open championship zolite for students.

Text Resources

Zolītes spēlētāju statistikas kopsavilkums

Summary of the statistics of the zolite.
On the research carried out in the identification of the number of soldiers. Sources are described in the file. Author - Martin's predator.

5_lacz_studentiem_preses_relize_2019

A press release of the Latvian Open Championship in 2019.
The content reflects the organisation, conduct and rules of soldiers as sports. Author - Martin's predator.

5_lacz_studentiem_nolikums_2019

By-laws of the Latvian Open Championship in 2019.
The content reflects the organisation, conduct and rules of soldiers as sports. Author - Martin's predator.

zolites_noteikumu_manuskripts

Zolite rules manuscript.
Zolite rules manuscript intended to be included in the book on zolite. Author - Martin's predator.

Publications

Card games: A hand book for anyone who wants to learn card games, valid tips, screenings, and explanations for those who are already playing/compiled according to Dr. Emanuel Laskera, etc. Riga: practical library, [1931].

Card games: a guide for anyone who wants to learn card games, valid tips, screenings and explanations for those who are already playing/compiled according to the authors of Emanuel Laskera and Others. [Riga]: echo, 1991.

Kolbergs A. zolte in Latvia and the world: a handbook for interrogators, unspeakers, race organisers and judges/participating in the Latvian soldiers competition Federation (LZSF) competition chief judge Peter Alexandrovich and historian Kārlis Kangers (Stockholm). [Riga]: Latvian Football Federation, 1996.

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Websites

Home page of Latvian soldiers - information on soldiers, face-to-face and online tournaments and other events and events on soldiers.

In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. - general information on zolite in Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Zolmaniem.lv - online solo game site.

Raccoonzole - online solo game site.

Zole Spoki.lv - online solo game site.

Spelezoli.lv - online solo game site.

Zolmaniem.lv Zoom Page in Social Network Friend.lv. - Zolmaniem.lv solo page in social network friends .lv.

Zolmaniem.lv zolite page on social facebook.com. - Zolmaniem.lv zolite page on social facebook.com.

An old soldier tournament in Saulkrasti. - an old soldier tournament in Saulkrasti.

Podcasts for zolite. “The podcasts of soldiers.”

Collection of signatures for the inclusion of soldiers in the general education curricula. - collect signatures for inclusion in the general education curriculum.

On the collection of signatures for the inclusion of soldiers in the general education curricula. - CARD GAME TO BE INCLUDED IN THE GENERAL EDUCATION CURRICULUM.

Soldiers “masters” and “great masters”. - Latvia's best soldiers with titles “master” and “great master”.

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