Eva Tel berg
Oral traditions and their expressions, including language as a vehicle of intangible cultural heritage
Social practices, rituals and festive events
Traditional craft skills
Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe
Barta cultural space (2023)
South Kurzeme Municipality Barta and partly Dunikas civil parish
Barta's cultural space is made up of a Community of residents interested in preserving their tangible and intangible cultural heritage, passing it on to future generations, and has proven to be viable despite various challenges. “The village of Barta - the village of the match, but held on greatly” still sings in Bart. The population of Bartas civil parish is small – around 500 bartenders, the Community is United as a large family. Its nucleus is made up of the families living in these generations: Greeks, Hood, Kiburs, Dobel, bears, etc., whose surnames also come from the names of villages (Hoebourciem, Dobel village, bear village). Here many are work colleagues and relatives. Of course, that's why you can't do without fruitful controversy. But so far, in shaping local cultural life, everyone has worked closely together, People are by character more closed, quiet, measured, also proud, yet can express their positions very confidently and openly if necessary. For entrants, it's hard to fit into the local Community at first, but they have to want to get involved themselves, then are welcomed into their own regiment in time. Indirectly, those who no longer live in Barta, but regularly visit their parents and grandparents, attend events at the cultural House and Museum, also form their own events, such as the “Bart burger ball,” are also linked to Bart's cultural space. It's important for barteners not to lose their culture and their local tradition.
Barta most important heritage custodians are:
The Barta Museum, Barta's ethnographic ensemble, the People's applied Arts Studio “Camel,” a children's folklore set called “Bartenieks.”
Importance in Community Life
It is hard to imagine Barta without one of Latvia's most beautiful countrysuits, without the sound of Barta's folk songs, without human connection to nature. Long-standing bartenders have been proud of their special cultural heritage: for peculiar multi-voiced songs, the long cry and LEITI, the play, the dancers, the bow, the bright crafts, the culinary heritage and other values. Barta's cultural and historical heritage strengthens the identity of bartenders and unites the Community. It has always been perceived as an integral part of life and plays a major role in building a sense of Community self-confidence and belonging. All of Barta's festivals and honours include some sort of traditional cultural activity in the programme, such as the parish festivities greeting young bartenders with a ritual of “braiding.” The younger generation of bartenders also live with the desire to transfer knowledge and skills about their intangible cultural heritage to children, so it is all the more important to keep traditions alive. Residents in Barta Parish have formed their own self-sufficient Community, where they support each other, share knowledge, actively track what is happening in the parish, side by side with both joy and grief. Everyone takes care of their farm - someone grows chickens, someone sieves cheese, someone sings, and someone else explores Barta's history. Each has its own place and its own plough for the Community to “function” as one, and the living legacy would be preserved and maintained from generation to generation.
The Barta Community appreciates and actively engages in various activities to preserve the values of Barta's cultural space.
Barta's singing tradition, games and dancers. The rich and peculiar dowry of traditional music is recorded and maintained alive. The traditional vocal plurality of Southwest Courland, ancient and archaic chants - the long cries and leeks still inherited from generation to generation, both in families and in the ethnographic ensemble - deserve special attention. (In the Annex, a more detailed description of this type of singing by Ethnomuzicologist Eve Pan).
Barta's bow. Words and sentences made in a special way remain in the records of folk songs, tales and stories, as well as audible in some places. (In the Appendix, a description of Barta's bullet by the linguists Eve Ozola and Lienne Markus-Narvils, you can also hear some examples.)
Customs, rituals and festivals. Bart celebrates the Latvian Anniversary Celebration with all the rituals that belong to it – the big day with the welcome of sunrise and the washing of mouth in the river, the summer solstice with cheese, beer and wreath weaving, the winter solstice with the pull of a block. In September, a parish celebration takes place around the time of harvesting, where traditional culture is also strongly represented. The procession, concerts, ball, trade, welcoming of young barteners, fishing competitions, church concert – year after year this is the largest and most vivid joint of residents of Bart Parish.
The tradition of wearing Barta's folk suit. Barta's magnificent folk suit has been canonized and became one of the most prominent symbols of Latvian folk suits, it is willingly made and worn not only in Bart, but also in other places in Latvia (many Latvian dance groups and choirs have costumes of Barta), also in the diaspora. Many Latvians living abroad also have Barta countrysuits, because they are not only beautiful and bright, but also easier to make outside Latvia, where appropriate materials are less widely available. Even after the war in refugee camps, costumes by Bart and Nietz were the most popular choice. You could use the curtains, blankets, all you had to do when you were doing your countrysuits was repaint them. More information can be found in the exhibition “put on Latvia” of the museum and research centre “Latvians in the World” (available: https://uzvilktlatviju.lapamuzejs.lv/). The highlights of Barta countrysuit include: honorary brunches - the lovely flax prints, or sachets (black with a wide red hem), the virgin bodice, or sachet, of a red woollen jackardram with glittering brocade ribbon seams, three different types of wolves - white (for virgins only), blue and “mad” - of linen-patterned fabric pulled underneath the blue. She puts the magnificent acorns on her head, her wives wearing patterned scarves. The accompanying photos show the outfit in all variety.
The Barta Museum's flagship exhibition is “the tradition of making and wearing Barta's folk suit in the 19 th to 21 st centuries.” Barta's ethnographic ensemble and children's folklore set, “the Bartenieks,” nurtures the tradition of wearing a folk suit, exploring, restoring and proudly wearing it for the festivities. (In an Annex, a folk suit story written by the county researcher Evita Hood.)
Barta amateur Theatre. For nearly 100 years in Bart, local people have been making various plays and musical productions. That gamewill doesn't dry up in Bart, and at least one new play is staged each year, which traditionally appears at the summer Solstice Festival. These shows often include Barta traditional songs, games, tell me, etc. folklore materials.
Culinary legacy. Baking bread, strapping cheese, white butter, brewing beer – it is only part of the culinary tradition. Bart has several bakers and masters of various dairy products – curd, cheese, butter. Young people, on the other hand, are enthusiastically trying to recreate the tradition of brewing beer. But everyday, sour porridge, sailor, jar (oat wedge), bubble porridge with a whisky (thick sauce) are made. (In an Annex, recipes for making biscuits nicknamed “spiras” by locals, sailing and white butter)
Hunting, fishing, sniffing, mushrooms – a long tradition in Bart. Barteners have some of the best mushroom sites for generations that they try never to reveal to others. Mushrooms in the Furniture Grove, by the Mountains of Una, Lapes and Pide, and by the old sawmill. Honorary thing in Bart - a “can” of salted mushrooms prepared for winter. (Description - Annex.) knowledge of the best berthing areas has also remained in families. Cranberries, browns and bears are read in the Brientable swamp and the palatial swamp. Not only is it important to know how to access berries in marshes, but how to store them for winter. Adhering to and maintaining hunting traditions is important these days, as the new generation must be taught how to live with nature, how not to consume more than necessary, how to follow hunting laws, what rites are like if you hunt something down, how to cook the game deliciously and healthily. These traditions have been carefully tended and guarded by Barta, Bartenieki's hunting collective, for several generations. Also with fishing traditions – grandfathers and fathers transfer their knowledge of this skill to their children and grandchildren.
Traditional craft skills. Weaving, knitting, embroidery, woodworking skills are nurtured and inherited from generation to generation. The most important role here is played by the Folk applied Arts studio “Camel” and its head, Indra Bunka. Bart scrutinises and mimics Barta's traditional glove patterns, dunks (blankets), roll towels, shirt embroidery, etc. However, in parallel, new and more modern things are created – crocheted scarves, rag sticks, etc. (Indra Bunk tells Bart craft skills in the Annex).
Drainage research, family research. One of the activities of the people of Bart – to know the history of his parish, to remember the great personalities of Barta and to promote that the lush families do not forget their roots. At the heart of municipality research – human life stories, house stories, events, traditions. Barta main county researchers operate at the Museum of Barta - its manager, Aija Kude, stockkeeper Laura Rusins and barteness, native researcher Evita Hood. Family research allows you to learn more about traditions, positions, material and spiritual values and their inheritance not only in your family but also in your native parish.
Conservation and promotion of Barta's cultural and historical sites. In Bart, active rest is possible for the whole family – boating, hiking, orientation, etc. There are plenty of places in Bart (see Annex Catherine Cruman's compiled list of Bart's most interesting places) related to Barta's history and beautiful surroundings, which over time have become popular attractions for both the bartenders themselves and Barta's guests. They are visited during hikes, tours, talks, etc.
Christian tradition. Lutheran, Catholic and domestic congregations alike also belong to Barta, preserving and sustaining the sacred tangible and intangible cultural heritage. The breast Lutheran Church is an architectural monument of national significance with a 400-year history. In contrast, Barta's Roman Catholic congregation was not founded until November 1998, while the church was built in 2002.
Inheritance and Transfer
The transfer and inheritance take place, first of all, in families, which are particularly pronounced in Bart. The younger generation feels the responsibility to keep their heritage alive in front of their families, through which they feel belonging to a special place on the map of Latvia. Invaluable contributions to the transfer of heritage to future generations are made by the amateur arts collective.
1. Barta's ethnographic ensemble ensures the inheritance of Barta rich folk songsong dowry, the repertoire is designed by listening to and imitating longtime singers. Presinger Livija Otanki has been in the ensemble since 1958. Her godfather, Jacob Kiburs, was the founder of the ensemble, who has left inheritance notes with folk lyrics and performance scripts.
2. The children's folklore ensemble “Bartenieki” and its leader, Mudite Musk, enable Barta's younger generation to learn local folk songs, games and dancers.
3. TLMS “camel” holds a variety of craft skills training, regularly offers master classes.
The Bart Museum, which collects, collects and digitises values and organises various events and exhibitions, plays an important role in the inheritance of Bart's cultural heritage.
Barta's tourism entrepreneurs tend to include appearances by Barta ethnographic ensemble in their event programmes, which helps promote Barta's traditional culture to a much wider range of people and allows you to see, in a more relaxed atmosphere, that living heritage has value, both for festivities and everyday life.
Bartenians have developed close cooperation with the Kurzeme Humanitarian Institute, together issuing various studies and compilations in several books (see publications section below).
Barta's cultural space is linked to an ancient history of the site. The name of the site comes from the Barta River, which has been home to white tribes on its banks. The site was inhabited in the early iron age, according to materials found in archaeological studies. But the documents mention Barta for the first time in a 1253 Treaty entered into by the Bishop of Kurzeme and the order of Livonia on the division of the Kurdish lands of Piemares, thus Barta part of Grobina's commutation until 1561. Temporarily, due to the debts of Gotthard Kettler Master of the order, it went into Prussian ownership, but after his youngest son Wilhelm's advantageous marriage to Sofija Grobina, daughter of the Duke of Prussia, is reclaimed as a dowry court. (Perhaps this time spent in Prussia by the lower Courland places (Barta, Hotel, Rucava) is largely the backdrop to the familiar countrysuits of these counties today. This is why they are so different compared to the rest of Latvia). After the liquidation of Livonia, welfare times began when the estates of Barta, Nietz and Rucava became part of the Duchy of Courland and Zemgale. During this time, farmers had accumulated savings when paying fees that could not be used to redeem lands, so their wealth could also be demonstrated by their magnificent countrysuits. A series of silver roots in “the Chuck,” the tall wreaths of acorns, bronze-trimmed shoes and boots - all of which suggest a boom during Duke Jacob. Barta was incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1795. During this time, Bart has an important post office on the way from Jelgava to Kenigsberga, which allows bartenders to see and experience the “breezes” of the latest world culture, so perhaps bartenders inherit a rather high confidence still evident in songs, outfits and human character. After witnessing many different events, even Napoleon's war on Russia, in 1817 barteners expect the free release of farmers – the land of the estate of Barta is divided into old farms and new farms. in 1918, Latvia was founded. Bartenieki is actively participating in its growth - in 1925 the new school building, built on rewalled foundations of the manor building, is unveiled, thus symbolising the restoration of freedom and self-determination. Cultural life – theatre, chorus, and even its own little Song Festival with about 400 singers from all over Kurzeme – is now being launched. Barta becomes a field of activity for farmers and craftsmen, the parish manager Janis Birznieks becomes Minister of Agriculture, and then President Karlis Ulmanis visits Barta. A cultural house is also built for donated and state resources of the population.
World War II and power change (Latvia is annexed to the Soviet Union) also hurt Barta. Many of Barta's inhabitants are sent out to Siberia, so out of fear, but reluctant bartenders came into Kolhozos - “Rainbow,” “storm,” and “free Step,” which merged into one large Kolhozza, “Barta,” in the early 1960 s. However, cultural life did not decline – Barta's ethnographic ensemble, consisting not only of singers but also of two dance groups, established a folk art studio, and Barta had his own band of blowers. The Soviet Union holds its positions until the late 80 s, but then the awakening begins throughout Latvia and Latvia's independence is regained in 1991. in 2009, the territory of Barta is included in Grobina municipality. in 2021, as a result of administrative territorial reform, Bartas civil parish is included in South Kurzeme county, which is currently the largest county in Latvia with 26 parishes and 5 cities.
These days, Barta's cultural heritage plays a more representative role compared to earlier times when it served as part of a lifestyle. Barta living legacy not only shapes Community identity but is a very important element in maintaining the mental and psychological wellbeing of bartenders. Bartenians need to value themselves and make their own history with confidence in the future. Of course, the Soviet years and the life of the colhoses have left their mark, but there are also young and enterprising people living here who see Barta (resources) for Bart's development to exploit for their own benefit, thus promoting Barta as both an important cultural historic place in lower Courland and a good place to live. They see an ability to transform and adapt it to the present day without denying the traditional cultural heritage,
in spring 2023, after a 70-year hiatus thanks to the men of Barta - Marim Cook and Einars Cook, as well as historical enthusiast Gunta Raleigh of Dunika - the tradition of binding and floating the rafts of Barta, which has long been a seasonal activity of local people, was restored because Barta was a waterway for floating timber to Lake Liepaja. Restoring the tradition has facilitated the acquisition of the craft skills and the identification of folklore materials related to this occupation. As part of the festivities, there was also a small exhibition about rafting and flooding and related traditions. As an integral part of any Barta feast, this time too, it featured Barta's ethnographic ensemble, singing tirelessly to the main rafters. In conclusion, it was agreed that this festival should become an annual tradition in Bart.
There is another interesting event – the youth festival “Barta burger ball” has been taking place for nine years. It is organised by young people with their families who feel they belong to Barta's cultural space, not least if the paths of life have been taken outside Barta. Here's your feeling, thanks to where you came from.
Livija Otanki - a longtime singer of Barta ethnographic ensemble and
the lead singer;
Gunta Klieveen - daughter of Livija Otanki as she continues the family tradition, heads the ethnographic ensemble of Barta, is a cultural work organizer, creates events – annual celebration of customs, city festivals, etc.
Mudite Felix - delivers the dowry of traditional music learned in the ethnographic ensemble
further up the children's folklore set “Bartenieki” for 30 years;
Bibikova shone - weaver, knitter, Member of Barta's ethnographic ensemble,
an amateur theatre participant, a person who knows the tradition of wearing a folk suit;
Aija Kude - head of the Museum of Barta, cultural history researcher, exhibition organizer, embroidery, knitter, teacher;
Iveta Kude - weaver, knitter, seamstress, traditionalist;
Anita Helvigs - knitter, embroider of Barta's national script, Explorer of Barta's envelope, and
controller, Director of the Kurzeme Humanitarian Institute;
Anne bunny - knitter, breadwinner, Latin life news knower, culinary
the guardian of the estate;
Gentle Kuduma - knowledge of culinary heritage, traditions and Latvian life messages
INTA Vanaga - cheesemaker, guardian of traditional culinary heritage, Barta
Chief of the Roman Catholic congregation;
INA Otanki - weaver, knitter, Member of Barta ethnographic ensemble, cheese sower,
a culinary heritage know-how;
Lidija Biksche, a cheesemaker who knows culinary heritage;
Evita Hood - a county researcher, a native researcher;
Laura Rusins - a municipality researcher, keeper of museum collections;
Gunta Jansons - librarian, district researcher;
Anita Dobele - wood craft skills know-how;
Anna Sermolins - singer and narrator;
INA Grosbach - singer, seamstress, amateur theatre Member;
Andris Zoon - knowledge of hunting and fishing traditions, biteniks, nature and
Universe knower, weather watcher;
Maris Kudis - rejuvenator of the Barta rafters tradition, hunter, angler,
organiser of sports life;
Evalds Wang - artist, educator, creator of the Barta burger ball festival and
Gunta Melock - head of the Bart Senior set and organiser of activities.
Institutions and Organizations
Barta Culture House
Administration of the Association of Bart and Kaletu civil parish
South Kurzeme county folk tradition and folklore centre
Cultural Administration of the South Kurzeme Municipality
Tourism Centre of South Kurzeme Municipality
Society the grip that unites Barta's youngsters
Lounge Base mosquitoes and glide Barta Coast regularly partner with Barta Culture House, incorporating elements of Barta's traditional culture into their events
Hunters society Bartnieks 1 cares about preserving hunting skills and traditions
The Northern farm has been working on woodworking for several generations, not only processing wood to timber, but adding value to it by making fine woodcuts
LELB Kruitt Church
Barta Christ resurrection Roman Catholic Church
Barta's ensemble of seniors maintains the goodness of the older generation and performs a socialising function, which in turn facilitates the involvement of seniors in various activities related to heritage conservation and inheritance.
Strengthening the Tradition
So far, continuity of tradition has been ensured by the Barta Museum, the Barta Culture House and amateur collectives through various events.
Barta's ethnographic ensemble and children's folklore set “Bartens”:
- regularly participated in and organised various events related to singing, dancing and play, both in the region and Latvia, as well as in Lithuania;
- have always taken care of the proper wearing of the dressing gown, the restoration of the parts of the dressing gown,
(including the members themselves with their own handicrafts);
- have maintained and inherited for several generations the special form of multi-voiced singing that is not straightforward and demands good skills.
TLMS “camel”, in co-operation with the museum and cultural house, has created exhibitions, participated in events at Latvian level and, above all, continues to transfer his knowledge to the younger generation.
Events held at Barta Museum
1. Exhibition “for Jacob Rusins – 100”, opening event of the book “James Rusins's poetry Favorites”.
2. A joint exhibition with Liepaja Museum “honours of Barta” – all about Barta's national costume.
3. A five-year cycle has been launched (2017-2021), the exhibition “Honorary bartenders - Anniversaries”.
1. Exhibition “for Barta – 765”.
2. Creative workshops - how to make Barta's folk suit.
3. Site Garamantas.lv Seminar in Bart.
1. Study and creation of family trees – seminar, lecture.
2. The meeting of Barta repressed children, an afternoon of memories.
3. “Family trees” exhibition.
2020-2021 (COVID pandemic time).
1. Exhibition “Ancient handicrafts in the Interior”
1. “Meet your master!” the workshop at the museum – crocheting of scarves.
2. Seminar “Barta Church”.
3. “Christmas decorations” workshops.
4. TLMS “camel,” a 40-year exhibition of anniversary works at the museum.
(Interested parties are offered the “sing the wives of Barta” programme on demand, with the participation of the ethnographic ensemble.)
There has been a youth festival “Barta burger ball” 9 times before, when locals and those born and raised here come together but no longer live in Bart for work or other reasons.
Bartenians appreciate their heritage. It is promoted at various events – exhibitions, concerts, honours, where new knowledge and skills are acquired. They also fulfil the function of consolidating the Community and promoting Barta's visibility. Not just the festivities, but the daily copulations (attempts by amateur collectives) strengthen the Community, help overcome exhaustion in crisis situations. The museum's stockpile is where Barta's history is compiled, heritage is digitised, making it widely available and usable to any interested person.
So far, funding has been received:
in 2020, in the LEADER and Lada project, diversification of musical educational services in Grobina Municipality, Barta Parish, “purchased grand piano.” The amount shall be EUR 4050.
in 2021, LEADER and Rural support Service project: As part of “purchase of People's costumes for Barta's Etnographic ensemble,” brunches, wives' and daughters' bodices, daughters' acorns wreaths, wives' hats and scarves (rousses), Bart's national shirts, daughters' villaines and Saxons have been purchased. Amount of the project: EUR 12 000.
Local government financing for implementation of activities of the cultural space of Bart –
EUR 3500 in 2018
EUR 2800 in 2019
EUR 2100 in 2020
EUR 2250 in 2021
EUR 2500 in 2022
State funding - annual targeted grants to the head of Barta ethnographic ensemble - around €400 a year and THE head of TLMS “camel” - around €400 a year as members of the Song Festival.
In addition from the local government budget for the renewal of the material technical base:
Barta's guide-edge jackets and bodices - €4,000 in 2016
Barta national shoes with brass studs - €500 in 2018
2020 Barta national shirts - €1,045
The Barta Museum is maintained from the municipality with an average of €23000 a year
It is planned that support from the state and local government will be maintained to the same extent.
- a study of the voiceover of lower Kurzeme. Eve Pan, a Member of Barta's ethnographic ensemble, has defended her master's work in ethnomusology on the subject and hopes to release a compilation.
- study of Barta's folk uniform. One of the most beautiful countrysuits in Latvia has been studied very little. Talks have been held with researcher Aiya Jansons, who has agreed to cooperate. The first thing you could start with would be the embroidery of Barta's shirts and villas.
- THE TLMS “camel” plan for the next 5 years includes both research, documentation and practical works:
1. Research into Barta's brunch underneath patterns and brunch weaving. (2023 – 2025).
2. Research into Barta's glove patterns, knitting copies, technical drawing of glove patterns
digitisation. (2024 – 2028).
3. Research into drill blankets with recorded patterns, weaving of blankets. (2024-2026)
4. TLMS 'camel' creation of 50-year anniversary exhibition. (2027)
- creation of a website and activation of social networks in cooperation with Liepaja High School of Arts, music and Design and Barta
- release of Jacob Kiburs's lifetime work - a compilation of Barta folklore's material, “the Pour of People's songs,” in the book.
Responsible - the society “cultural Heritage of Barta” and the Centre for People's traditions and Folklore of South Kurzeme Municipality.
- creation of a concept for the recording album of the ethnographic ensemble of Barta in collaboration with Ethnomuzicologist Eve Pan and the People's tradition and Folklore Centre of South Kurzeme County.
Bartenians will continue to honor their culture for the next five years, host various activities promoting Barta's cultural space and keep their ancestral heritage alive.
Each year, the following are foreseen:
Anniversary Celebration - big day, the John, the Winter Solstice;
Singing Festival “the multiplicity of the voices of lower Kurzeme”;
A parish celebration with a domestic market, the reception of young bartenders in the Community (with a “hunting” ritual), fishing competitions, creative workshops, etc. activities;
“Meet your Master” event;
“Barta rafters Festival”;
Tourism Festival “Barta Autumn 2023”;
Night of museums;
Barta burger ball Festival
Publication of a calendar with recipes for Barta's folk costumes and culinary heritage in collaboration with the Barta Museum, the society “the cultural Heritage of Barta,” the artist Ewald hawk and the DKN People's tradition and Folklore Centre.
Developing a Barta Community brand in partnership with Community activist Evalds hawk and Liepaja High School of Arts, music and Design.
An editorial on the traditional vocal plurality of lower Kurzeme. Those responsible - the society “the cultural Heritage of Barta” in collaboration with Ethnomuzicologist Eve Pan and the DKN People's tradition and Folklore Centre.
Each year, the anniversaries of Barta-related events or notable personalities will be celebrated with activities, as it is vital to know your history and what previous generations have done so that you can successfully continue and develop your cultural space:
2023 - 770 years since Barta was first mentioned in the articles;
2024 - 95 years for Barta's ethnographic ensemble;
90 years for the longtime head of Barta ethnographic ensemble and folk beautician
2025 - 150 years for the distinguished Latvian personality Janis Birznieks;
100 years for Barta School;
2026 - 210 years for educator, organ and Barta cultural worker
2027 - 130 years for founder and folklorist of Barta ethnographic ensemble
110 years for poet and county researcher Jacob Rusins;
2028 - 150 years for cultural worker and traditionalist Anne Coomb.
It has been decided to establish the association “cultural Heritage of Barta Culture Capital Foundation, whose task will be to raise funds from the State Culture capital Fund, etc. for documentation of projects, publication of books and brochures, digitisation of heritage, research, etc. activities.
The objectives of these measures are:
1. Promoting the visibility and sustainable development of the Barta cultural space;
2. Strengthening the links between cooperation and the Community of citizens;
3. Conservation and inheritance of living cultural heritage.
Threats to the Tradition
Barta's cultural space is affected by a variety of threats, both local and global.
First, the closure of primary and kindergarten, with the result that children are attending various adjacent parish schools where county learning will not be able to be introduced, as planned by the historic lands Act Development Plan. And if there's no on-site kindergarten, young parents choose to live and work where it's more convenient to set up their day-to-day.
Secondly, the population is still decreasing throughout Latvia, also in Bart, thus the number of traditions keepers and inheritors is decreasing. The area is currently populated by around 530 barteners fighting for their right to preserve their unique cultural and historical heritage. Unfortunately, support from the municipality also decreases annually. Much of the budget devoted to culture goes to pay for space heating. This reduces the chances of organising various support measures to maintain traditions. Residents of former school buildings have repeatedly asked to entrust the Community where societies could develop, to put up expanded museum exposures, there would be spaces for active Barta retirees, etc.
And thirdly, the inheritance of tradition no longer takes place naturally, as lifestyles have changed, there are no generations living under the same roof, so more investment is needed to interest children and young people in caring for the cultural and historical heritage of their ancestors.
Cultural Administration of the municipality of South_Kurzeme, tail No. 40900038114
Sources from the Latvian Language Institute of the University of Latvia (2016) are not yet drying up (dialects of the Latvian language in the 21 st century). Liepaja: Liepaja University
Kurzeme Humanitarian Institute (2017) Jacob Rusins: a selection of poetry. Liepaja: Liepaja University
Kurzeme Humanitarian Institute (2017) Barta feast. Liepaja: Liepaja University
Forerunners and destinies (2019) Hood, E: “searches and finds in the family family tree: the surname of the Pousons and the fates associated therewith.” Liepaja: Liepaja University
Forerunners and destinies (2017) Hood, E., and Krieva, K.: “cultural and historical personalities of Bart: the Commander John Zauls (1906-1989)” Liepaja: Liepaja University
Barta's Tell (2005) Liepaja: Liepaja Academy of Education
Hanberg, Eric (2012) Janek look up Birzman. Riga: J.L.U. Ltd., 2012.
“By stream. Barta. episode 10” - beautiful story of the Barta River Road to the Sea.
Musical meeting BARTA: MALENIA - an event organized by a rector at the Liepaja University where Barta's ethnographic ensemble with Malenia's folklore set “Ziemers” sang
Barta's Kolhoz in 1984, harvest. - Barta's wives with a soundsong in the cereal field
For Barta's ethnographic ensemble, 90-year anniversary 9. 12. 2019. - a glimpse at the 90-year anniversary event of Barta ethnographic ensemble
Bart sings, danco and goes to play - Barta's ethnographic ensemble, along with the children's and young people's folklore set “Bartenieki,” takes care to preserve intangible cultural assets.
Aizpute TV plot about Bartas civil parish 'behind a hundred kilometres' - a glimpse into Barta's everyday 5 years ago
Tale of TLMS 'camel' - weavers and knitters shine Bibycova story