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The Skill Of Bobbin Lace Making (2018)
Knipelēšana is one of the types of textile works in which lace is made.
To the Inventory of ICH

Author:

Dagmar Priberga

Traditional craft skills

Name

The Skill Of Bobbin Lace Making (2018)

The study on clerical posts in Latvia has not yet been performed. He is currently a regular member of the Cultural and People's Art Centre “rhythm” in the People's applied art studio “barbele” and “rota”.
The skill is also shared in the Valka People's applied art studio “sun”.

Description of the element

Name

The Skill Of Bobbin Lace Making (2018)

Community

The study on clerical posts in Latvia has not yet been performed. He is currently a regular member of the Cultural and People's Art Centre “rhythm” in the People's applied art studio “barbele” and “rota”.
The skill is also shared in the Valka People's applied art studio “sun”.

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Importance in Community Life

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Activities and Functions

Pumping is one of the lace-making techniques. Such lace towels, handkerchiefs, scarves, miscellaneous clothing details. Work with several dozens of dozens and even hundreds of pairs of “nipple”, needle or tamboradata is an auxiliary tool.
“Pipelets” are wood-shaped, approximately 15 cm long cobs, which have a spool on one end to clean the thread. Intersections and twisted threads are cross-crossed and twisted as they are crossed.
The thread-twisting and cross-contamination result in weaving and, when sorted in different variations, the top lace. The intersection of threads is pinned by rivets that help to create a tight and accurate form of lace.
The drawings shall be attached to the base - a special knife cushion or table - and then removed with the finished product. “(D. Priberga“ ancient lace in Latvia ”, p. 107)
“In Latvia, the billing technology allows compositions with ornamental plant motives, spoken ribbons or laconic geometric ornaments.” (D. Priberga “lace heritage in Latvia”, p. 289)


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Inheritance and Transmission

THE artistic leader Dagmar Prierga of the artistic leader, Dagmar Prierga, who studied lace heritage in Latvia, also paid particular attention to the skill of the fucking lace.
D. Priberga is almost 30 years old at THE barbella.
Maintaining the scripting skills and ensuring the inheritance process is one of THE BASIC tasks of the 'barbele'. In the course of the studio, ten students are held every week, who have been studying for more than 30 years.

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History

The most ancient samples of fucked lace in Latvia have been preserved in the Duchy of Kurzeme and in the tombs of Catholic Church, dated 17 th and 18 th century.
Museum specialists have cleaned and preserved the lace and are in good condition. There is no news in the sources that in the 17 th-18 th century there are lace trees in Latvia, apparently the Dukes have imported them from abroad.
The place of manufacture is not yet cleared.
In Latvia, the 18 th and 19 th centuries can be considered as fanned lace craftsmen, like other textile works. In the 18 th century, according to European models, clothing with fanned lace laces was mainly the people of Latvia's tournament. The Western European School dominated the baronet suits.
Interestingly, it was not only fine and luxurious lace, but also coarse pine, ribbons and twine, baskets, bags, horses and other items used in the household. The pumping elements also appeared in metal, leather and other articles.
The creation and development of Latvian local lace traditions is evidenced by ethnographic textiles.
The most crawling lace from the selection of the pickled lace objects are found in: Latgale – countryside in the woven, shirts and aprons, Vidzeme and Zemgale – wife hats, Kurzeme – in nostrils, snats and towel ends, used for rotation of brunches, sheets and other household textiles.

Almost all of the peoples or linen towels in the 20 th-21 st century are the imitation of ethnographic lace or variations in the 19 th century.
This shows that the preservation and development of local lace positions is facilitated by the living traditions of the people – song festivals, wedding, funeral, Christianity and other events.

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Master Singers

Currently, THE TLEM “barbele” acts as an excellent clerk.
1. TDM Liente Dimitre (deletion) 1940),
2. TDM Long Long (Delete 1956),
3. TDM Wanda button (deletion) 1964),
4. Mara Rojuleja (deletion) 1977),
5. Gita Priberga (b. 1979).
Following the fucking courses organised by D. Priberga, this skill continues to be practised BY TLEM “rota”, Head Aija Krūmiņa (deletion). 1953).
Students of the Study:
1. Scarlet Mežale (deletion) 1973),
2. Iveta villava-Volkowska (b. 1977),
3. Indra Liedskalniņa (b. 1966),
4. Sandra Plateen (b. 1985),
5. Elina Liep (b. 1981).
Valkas TLEM “sun” pickel meister Inese Petersone (b. 1957).

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Institutions and Organizations

1. Riga City Municipal Culture and People's Art Centre “rhythm”,
2. Latvian lace business association “savory”,
3. Liepaja Museum,
4. Jelgava Latvian Society.
5. “Latvian Tautas mākslas Union”

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Strengthening the Tradition

As of spring 2017, three times KTMC “rhythm” in collaboration with Riga educational and informative methodological centre for Riga residents has organized the basics of billing techniques.
The duration of the courses is 36 academic hours and a RIIMC certificate was issued at the end.
At each time, the course programme was attended by 15 participants.

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Continuity/Development

Dagmar Prīberga, head of studio “Barbele”, will conduct a study on the current situation in Latvia (2019-2020).

Various activities are planned for the protection and development of the element.
1. Dagmar Prürga, head of THE “barbele”, will develop a common training methodology for the preservation and promotion of the element of the informal education system by 2021. The training programme will include the theme “specificities of the traditional skills of Latvian regions (common and different)” and “an element in the context of world experience”.
2. THE “rhythm” of KTMC will propose to update the establishment of a financial support system at municipal level, which would support the involvement of respected TDM masters in the process of transferring the element.
The planned activities will be carried out by self-financing, but projects will be prepared as far as possible to attract additional funding.
3. Develop the “Knipelet lace masters” programme of cultural heritage textiles and technology for stakeholders in the context of lifelong learning. (courses are managed by the city of Jurmala from September 2021 and are currently continuing until May 2022).

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Threats to the Tradition

Potential hazards.
1. Children and young people do not have a common training system for traditional amateur art, disappearing or threatened traditional positions, so-called nipple.
2. The skills know-how is little, the masters are ageing.

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Applicant

Riga City Municipal Culture and People's Art Centre “rhythm”, tail No. 90011524360

Gallery

Nepieciesamie darbariki

Tools needed for pumping
The photograph shows the working pillow (“buckey”), the slots, the work drawings, the guide material. Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore photo

Vesture un musdienas

History and modern
The photograph shows the fanned towel lace of the last century and their representations today. Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore photo

Lodzinu raksts

Box article
A photograph of a fanned grid with a marked geometric pattern is shown in the photograph. Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore photo

Knipeletas dvielu mezgines

Fanned towel lace
The photograph shows the course of the course which combines traditions and creativity. Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore photo

Knipelesanas process

Pumping process
The photograph shows that the lace is formed on the basis of the drawing, which is attached to the working surface by attaching the intersection of the threads to the cane. Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore photo

Kvadratu rezgis

Square grid
The photograph shows the learning process. Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore photo

IMG_8009

Learning process FOR “barbelle”
Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore photo

Video Material

Fanned lace
Riga, 2017. Sabine Indriksones-Moore video

Publications

Priberga, D. (2007) ancient lace in Latvia. Riga: golden grain

Priberga, D. (2016) lace heritage in Latvia. Ancient lace. A practical book. Riga: Union of Latvian People's Art

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Websites

https://www.ritums.lv/lv/galerija/video-2018 - information on the fanned lace course IN TLEM “barbele”, video taken in May 2017

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