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Traditions and skills of Latvian ethnographic gloves (2021)
To the Inventory of ICH

Author:

Monta Grasmane, Christmas Museum, Elina Treimane

Traditional craft skills

Name

Traditions and skills of Latvian ethnographic gloves

Geography

Latvia and countries around the world where Ada's Latvian-written gloves.

For many Latvians, glove knitting skills have been put into the cradle. The ethnographic glove knitting tradition and the skills of the Community in Latvia are mainly composed of handmen and professional counselors - masters who have learned the skills of knitting in families from mothers or grandmother, self-training or school. The members of the community - individuals, usually women, regardless of nationality, religious and political beliefs, social status and residence, which Ada excellent samples of the People's art - gloves with Latvian ethnographic articles, stem from traditional gloves-adorting techniques, thereby confirming the Community's high masterness. People's applied art studios (hereinafter REFERRED TO AS TLMS), rock groups and groups, are places where Latvian ethnographic glove knitting skills can be learned and developed at a professional level, while preserving the traditions typical of Latvian identity and transferring them to future generations.
A particularly wealthy glove knitting tradition and a large glove advocate Community are in Kurzeme District: “Chaupe” from Kuldīga, TLEM “vein” from Talsi, TLMS “course” and “Liepava” from Liepaja, the studio “wings” and TLMS “Vīkale” from Ventspils, “kamolite” from Aizputes, the Spanish-applied art collective “Nāmetins”, the Lutra-a-work set, the Sabile Cultural House handpiece group, the New Palace house gloves, the “Paukers” of the municipality of New Castle, THE TLM “Saldus”.
The skilful and creative gloves of the gloves, which each pair of gloves are special, and who are willing to share their skills and knowledge of the glove knitting, are in all Latvian nowadays: “Kalme” from Alūksne, “Spariņš” from Rezekne, TLM “source” from Dobeles, “barbele”, “rota”, “Atkalnis” and “friendship” from Riga, TLMS “Urga” from Riga, TLM “Urga” from Mālpils, Alidas Lindes applied art studio, AND TLM “vigrieze” from the Sigulda, the artisanal artist, Lizuma amateurs, the Sulkrasti artwork studio “kindness”, the Saulkrasti work studio “crossroads”, the Sulkrasti artwork studio “sacre”, the Saulkrasti work studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, The Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads” The studio “irbi”, “wallet” and “Caire” from Riga are known directly as the gloves of the gloves of the Community, which have been promoting the inheritance of ancient traditions today in the years Ada ethnographic gloves and with their creative work.
Gloves Ada also Latvians living abroad, the most known and most active are the “Shanthotsslis” gloves of the Latvian rock group “Shanthotsslis”.
Inara's mess and her company “tins” that trade in Ada gloves to buy gloves can be bought by anyone, including those who don't feel a call to knitting, but they can appreciate the magnificence of the gloves and want to wear them.

Description of the element

Name

Traditions and skills of Latvian ethnographic gloves

Geography

Latvia and countries around the world where Ada's Latvian-written gloves.

Community

For many Latvians, glove knitting skills have been put into the cradle. The ethnographic glove knitting tradition and the skills of the Community in Latvia are mainly composed of handmen and professional counselors - masters who have learned the skills of knitting in families from mothers or grandmother, self-training or school. The members of the community - individuals, usually women, regardless of nationality, religious and political beliefs, social status and residence, which Ada excellent samples of the People's art - gloves with Latvian ethnographic articles, stem from traditional gloves-adorting techniques, thereby confirming the Community's high masterness. People's applied art studios (hereinafter REFERRED TO AS TLMS), rock groups and groups, are places where Latvian ethnographic glove knitting skills can be learned and developed at a professional level, while preserving the traditions typical of Latvian identity and transferring them to future generations.
A particularly wealthy glove knitting tradition and a large glove advocate Community are in Kurzeme District: “Chaupe” from Kuldīga, TLEM “vein” from Talsi, TLMS “course” and “Liepava” from Liepaja, the studio “wings” and TLMS “Vīkale” from Ventspils, “kamolite” from Aizputes, the Spanish-applied art collective “Nāmetins”, the Lutra-a-work set, the Sabile Cultural House handpiece group, the New Palace house gloves, the “Paukers” of the municipality of New Castle, THE TLM “Saldus”.
The skilful and creative gloves of the gloves, which each pair of gloves are special, and who are willing to share their skills and knowledge of the glove knitting, are in all Latvian nowadays: “Kalme” from Alūksne, “Spariņš” from Rezekne, TLM “source” from Dobeles, “barbele”, “rota”, “Atkalnis” and “friendship” from Riga, TLMS “Urga” from Riga, TLM “Urga” from Mālpils, Alidas Lindes applied art studio, AND TLM “vigrieze” from the Sigulda, the artisanal artist, Lizuma amateurs, the Sulkrasti artwork studio “kindness”, the Saulkrasti work studio “crossroads”, the Sulkrasti artwork studio “sacre”, the Saulkrasti work studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads”, The Saulkrasti artwork studio “crosse”, the Saulkrasti artwork studio “crossroads” The studio “irbi”, “wallet” and “Caire” from Riga are known directly as the gloves of the gloves of the Community, which have been promoting the inheritance of ancient traditions today in the years Ada ethnographic gloves and with their creative work.
Gloves Ada also Latvians living abroad, the most known and most active are the “Shanthotsslis” gloves of the Latvian rock group “Shanthotsslis”.
Inara's mess and her company “tins” that trade in Ada gloves to buy gloves can be bought by anyone, including those who don't feel a call to knitting, but they can appreciate the magnificence of the gloves and want to wear them.

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Importance in Community Life

There are many written gloves and fragments in Latvian museums. The ethnographic gloves in museum collections are dated 18 th century. Due to the collected material and ethnograph studies, the written gloves are regarded as a particular value of Latvian material culture. The imitation of ancient needles encourages and strengthens the knowledge of Latvia's municipality and their culture, the basics of the gloves of the gloves, the colours of the colours and the miscellaneous technical solutions of the knife.
Individual needles, masters often gloves Ada for their joy, because the process of knitting gives a man satisfaction, well-being and pleasure. For some adventurers it is a process of self-determination, a way of arranging their inner world, and another, a chance to be noticed, a way to self-assert themselves, showing their excellent addiction skills. Someone_else - a simple need to wear a family or get gifts. In any case, the result is one - a beautiful pair of gloves who are inherited in generations of generations.
The participants of the knitting sets have an additional satisfaction to see their carefully knitted gloves in the exhibitions where they complement and enrich each other, shine in their glory and enjoy the viewers.
Of course, gloves can also be a work that makes it possible to earn, 20 th. On the 2 nd side, it was just an additional source of income. Today, when the written gloves are more respectful, they are bought not only by residents of Latvia, but also by our land visitors who do not know much about the traditions of Latvian gloves, but who appreciate the tasty work of the masters. We have been lucky that there are masters in Latvia who enjoy Ada ethnographic gloves and are willing to share their skills, thereby ensuring the continuity of the glove-knitting tradition.

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Activities and Functions

Glove knitting takes place both as an individual process and as a public event with socialisation and exchange of experience. In the case of needle gloves, the adapter shall select a glove pattern and a colour composition according to its skill and available materials. In such cases, special literature on the knitting of ethnographic gloves is very useful. When you admit a interest group, skills acquisition occurs more dynamically, errors and uncertainties are eliminated more effectively, the new knitting techniques are easier to learn. Therefore, knitting in masters, courses, or together with some knitting master provides a faster and more successful process to achieve the goal. Latvian glove knitting masters are becoming more popular and more demanding. The glove-making process consists of a number of etaps, the selection of gloves and the selection of colours, the alignment of the glove pattern with the required glove size, the glove knife from the valve, the part of the palm, and finally the thumb and thumb of the glove. The creativity of the glove will depend on how skilled the creator of the glove will have done and will be in the nuance of the knitting.

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Beliefs, rituals, unwritten rules

The writing of written gloves is an ancient and traditionally rich work. It saves a variety of spheres, both in practical, creative and conspicuous, and also mythical. The Latvian graphic designer Valdis strain is compared with world creation and universal world design models. In the geometric patterns of the glove, the link between the present, the past and the future can be read. The characters in the glove that make up the glove pattern continue to be interested in and associate people's minds, as the written gloves can record their message that will provide the power and support of the glove wearer.
“A thousand birthday, a story and a color.” “Cimdina knitting, baby, is nothing but the creation of the world.” Mara Zalite

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Inheritance and Transmission

Glove knitting skills are most often obtained in family from mothers and grandmother, also teaching at primary school. A number OF TLEMS and bunches are also available for the gloves. Latvian National Cultural Centre organizes events “meet your masters”, during which every lead can meet the masters of different positions, including gloves.
There is an increasing interest in remote glove knitting activities, which can be met by adventurers from around the world and familiarisation with the writing techniques of the writing gloves, the Latvian values, traditions. You can find a lot of videos on the Internet at this time that give you insights and tips on writing gloves.
One of the sources of ideas for continuation and further transfer of ethnographic gloves to future generations is the rich glove in the museum. The number of samples of gloves, fragments and gloves found in THE LNVM ethnography unit's clothing and textiles collection exceeds 3500 storage units. In other museums there are considerable (late 18 th century – 21 st century) collection of needles. The introduction and acquisition of museum funds has been a source of inspiration and the main knowledge storage.

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History

For many centuries, the gloves of our people have been a warmth of heat that served the lives of people not only for practical but also aesthetic needs. The lifetime is short when they are worn, and new ones are used instead. Each subsequent glove performance is a specific time condition: the fibre of the raw material, the colour, the rotating pattern and the final use of the glove are changed.
The word gloves in Latvian are indicated as fingers and mittens. Smoky gloves are also called guys, cuffs, cubes, shelves, sometimes delnious gloves. It is known that the gloves in Latvia have been knitted in the 14 th and 15 th century. Over time, the gloves of the old gloves were replaced with five needles in the needle-weave technique. The adjacent needles found in the archaeological excavations are dated 14.gs., while the fragments of the needle gloves are dated 15 th. The oldest fingers found in Riga and the smoky gloves of the gloves of white wool with coloured pattern bands.
For centuries, the tradition of honoring gloves from fine sheep wool yarn changed and only the techniques of glove decoration developed. In the 19 th century, the most beautiful, luxurious mitts were drawn to the church, to the church or to the village. The gifts and ceremonial gloves were specially advised. Even the working gloves differed from the use: the men in the woods were thicker. The gloves of the gloves knew that the warmest and most resilient gloves of the work were made of natural unpainted yarn, knitted in a fine pattern, but at least three color yarns were found in honour gloves to surprise others with their imagination and violence.
The ancient yarns were painted with vegetable colours, traditionally won four basic colors: red, yellow, green and blue. White, brown, grey and black were unpainted yarn in the natural tone of sheep's wool.
In 1856, chemical colours were synthesised in Europe, with which more cheaper tones could be obtained. During this time the gloves became colourless, the colour of the patterned gloves. If another 18 th century. On the 1 st side, the gloves were written only in the valley, then by the 19 th century. The 2 nd half began to be knitted through written gloves with an emphasis on the ramp. It is usually a geometric ornament, and in the 19 th-20 th century, floral and zoomorphic drawings are also coming. The ancient glove articles were fine, but with years the articles grew bigger. It was not only the tradition but the Mode that affected gloves at all times. The writing of written gloves in Latvia is continuously improved, new articles and technical solutions are coming.

The glove knitting, like other handwriting and the People's fiction, which had been widespread in the past, currently exists in a relatively narrow circle of masters. Today, some of the ancient traditions surrounding gloves, day-to-day wear and family honor, wedding and funeral traditions have been transformed or disappeared. The rhythm of human life, the system of values and the needs have changed. In the consumer society, the emphasis is on quantity rather than quality in the spheres of addiction. Admitters are less often opted to knit ethnographic gloves because they need more nuanced knowledge, more time and patience. Nowadays, nowadays, gloves are knitted with smaller numbers of charms, simpler color combinations are used, simplified articles, topped half-gloves, as well as bread or pulse heaters. For many decades, their knitting was unearned, but more recently, the knitted hand-decorative bracelets are increasingly being made, where the glove-knit skills are useful.
The glove, like the human world, influences the processes of society and the world, changes time with time. However, it is essential to preserve the ethnographic glove addiction traditions, the richness of articles and colours, which is the core of our People's Latvian identity.
By tracking the development of gloves in the territory of Latvia, we see that in the late 19 th century there was a lot of gloves, because with warm gloves the entire family had to be provided in the house order. At the end of the 20 th century, the gloves were knitted and worn less because they were mostly worn by industrial-made gloves of different materials and designs. At the beginning of the 21 st century, there is a tendency to return to the knitting of Latvian ethnographic gloves, even saying that there is a known resurgence of gloves. Through the written gloves we learn again and introduce our Latvian identity, but our land guests admire the masterness of our adventurers, who have preserved and practised the traditions of the inherited gloves by today.

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Additional Information

Knowledge of the knitting of ethnographic gloves cannot be regarded as complete without practical activities and the preparation and preparation of the material. Until the 20 th century. In the 1 st half, Latvians were familiar with the whole process of making gloves – starting with sheep farming and felling, spinning and dyeing of yarn, the choice of rotating articles, the acquisition of knitting techniques and the knitting of the particular glove, until the wedding of the glove and the tradition of gifting. In modern times, the extraction and preparation of quality yarn is mostly provided by specialised yarn production and processing companies. The admitter has only a skill to reconcile the yarn with the needles and the adjacent pattern. It is best to do this under the command of a skilled master, but can also do so individually.
In the past, the Latvian gloves were the most gifted object in different families and other honours. Today, with hand-knitted gloves, the gloves are a popular gift as a circle of friends and friends, as well as internationally presenting Latvia.

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Master Singers

Applied art studios and clusters are places where glove knitting skills can be learned if it is not possible to do so in the family. In the event of exhibitions and thematic activities, THE TLMS and clusters determine, to a certain extent, the “fashion trends” of the gloves. They create new ideas for gloves, in fact they are such as practical knitting ideas, knowledge and experience. Every such collective has experience rich masters who share their skills in different masters and activities and add themselves to the glove advocate for the Community. The knitting of her gloves is regarded as a value:
Agnes Rozenthel, Ventspils handwriting studio “wings”,
Agrita Freiberga, applied art collective “Nāmeins”,
Agrita mist, Ada gloves in Berlin,
Agrita Rimkus, People's applied art studio “Saldus”,
Aiga Giger, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
Aija Grant, the company's “clean” mastery,
Aija Staraste, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
The scene in the grey, glove-knife from Allagh,
Scene Zvirbule, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Aiva Dzenīte, People's applied art studio “course”,
Albino rock, glove adder from Riga,
Alicda Linde, a studio-based art studio of Elda Linde,
Alicda Plase, the People's Applied Art studio “Waldzins”,
Alla Korsenova, the company's “clean” mastery,
Alvine Urban, People's applied art studio “Vīkale”,
Anastasia Slišāne, People's applied art studio “Urga”,
Anda Maaar, People's applied art studio “friendship”,
Anda Vvere, a People's applied art studio “barbele”,
Anda Wipule, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
Ocean Salma, the centre of the artisanal craftsmen,
Anete Dorse, company of the company “net”,
Anita Bareik, a glove admitter from Pigs,
Anita Cpva, a glove adder from Baltinava,
Anita Ozolina, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Anita Sille, handset “Chaupe”,
Anita Šeimane, the company's “clean” mastery,
Anitra Tooma, a glove adrant from Riga,
Anna Jurisone, People's applied art studio “Urga”,
Antaņina Dorofejeva, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Antoņina breeze, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Antra Blasze, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Antra Cildermane-Gigule, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Arita Svench, handset “Chaupe”,
Arnita Buner, a group of people in Sabiles's cultural house,
Adispute Alksne, company of the company “net”,
Adispute Kinne, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Adispute Lesnik, a glove adder from Kekava,
Lakstigala, People's applied art studio “Saldus”,
Austra Buchava, company “net” masters,
Austra Kallberg, People's applied art studio “Durbe”
Aria Ratkus, New Palace House,
Arija Vikmane, handset “Chaupe”,
Baiba apse, handset “Chaupe”,
Baiba griva, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Baiba Gulbe, a glove admitter from Riga,
Baiba Horste, company of the company “net”,
Baiba Mountain, the lietišķās art collective “tinga” of the house of the Tyngeres.
Baiba Kechko, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Baiba Ošmane, Appella Lindes applied art studio,
Baiba Pilāne, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Baiba Riekstina, the company's “clean” mastery,
Benita Fresliha, the People's Applied Art studio “Waldzins”,
Biruta Kroger, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Dace Bahtinova, company of the company “net”,
Dace Baltfoe, glove adder from Kaunas,
Dace tree - Zirupa, centre of craftsmen,
Dace Gaile, People's applied art studio “friendship”,
Dace Jēkabon, a businessman of the applied art collective “Nāmeins”,
Dace Līparte, glove adder from Rucava
Dace Marauska, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Dace nut, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Dace Sermolite, the centre of the craftsmen,
Dace Zvirgzdina, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Dagnia Lamberga, Ada gloves in Norway,
Dagnia Nazkalne, mastery from Valdemark,
Daiga Berkolde, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Daiga Eķe-Silirova, handset “Chaupe”,
Daiga Melnace, a glove adder from Jacob,
Daiga Saidane, a glove adder from Ledmane,
Daiga Valkovska, Kekava Cultural House Handpiece “Benefits”,
Dayle Kļavina, the company's “clean” mastery,
Dina Suze, People's applied art studio “source”,
Daina Ješkevica, handset “Chaupe”,
Dina Klišāne, an applied art collective called “Nāmets”,
Clear Reine, the company's “clean” mastery,
Clear Sabule, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Dzidra Vikmane, People's applied art studio “source”,
Dzintra Alknitazar, “Chaupe”,
Dzintra Kāne, handset “Chaupe”,
Dzintra Pole, an artisanal craftsman,
Elita Kozer, a glove admitter from Talsi,
Elita Krūklina, People's applied art studio “live”,
Elita salaka, People's applied art “Kalme”,
Elita River, Elda Linde applied art studio,
Elita Vitenberg, People's applied art studio “Caire”
Erna Saleniece, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Eva Kulmane, People's applied art studio “source”,
Evita Lisovsky, a glove adhesive from Riga,
Evita Shirante, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Erica Consider, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Ginta Petra, a glove adder from Marupes,
Gita Brinkmane, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Gita Creever, a glove admitter from Raunas,
Guna Lāčauniece, Saulkrasti applied art studio “crossings”,
Guna Vaivare, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
Gundega Petersone, People's applied art studio “vines”,
Gunita Bileskalna, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Gunta Batuhtina, People's applied art studio “source”,
Gunta Hanne, the company's “clean” mastery,
Gunta Indriksone, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Gunta Louļe, People's applied art “Kalme”,
Gunta Tucha, People's applied art “Kalme”,
Ieva Brinkmane, Ada gloves in Belgium,
Ieva gardener, a glove adder from Liepupe,
Ieva Janson, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Ieviņa Ziemane, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Long Berzins, People's applied art studio “barbele”,
Long Gauger, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
Long Medne, a glove adder from Tilj,
Ilona Smugzmane, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
Ilze Arbidane, People's lietiškās Art studio “Dzīpariņš”,
Ilze Buivida, applied art studio “Sauldare”,
Ilze Ezerra, the company's “clean” mastery,
Ilze Janson, handset “Chaupe”,
Ilze Kopmane, Vangau amateur cluster,
Ilze Kumerdanka, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Ilze Kupča-Ziemele, applied art studio “Tina”,
Ilze Lazdane, a glove adder from the river,
Ilze lama, the centre of the artisanal craftsmen,
Ilze Nikele, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Ilze Poolina, handset “Chaupe”,
Ina Dātava, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Ina Valtere, Latvian artisanal champion,
Inara Saifualin, Handpiece “Chaupe”,
Inara's business, the leader of the company,
Indra Depth, Handpiece “Chaupe”,
Indra Kiatkovska, the company's “clean” mastery,
Inese Akmane, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Inese Lazdina, the company's “clean” mastery,
Inese Lormane, handset “Chaupe”,
Inese Midryne, handset “Chaupe”,
Inese Wevere, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Ineta Donsk, People's applied art “Urga”,
Ineta Krastina, People's applied art studio “Atkalnis”,
Ineta leja, People's applied art studio '' Kalme ',
Inga White, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Inga Berzins, People's applied art studio “source”
Inga Delpere, People's applied art “Kalme”,
Inga Gailuma, a glove adder from Smiltene,
Inga Lījvak, Vangau amateur cluster,
Inga Meirupska, handset “Chaupe”,
Inga Peterson, Ada gloves in Minsters,
Inga pin, glove adder from Rucava,
Inga Trukmane, People's applied art “courses”,
Inga Vīksna, glove adder from Kuldīga,
Ingrida Balode, People's applied art studio “Caire”
Ingrida Zadvinska, handpiece “Chaupe”,
Inguna Krastina, Ada gloves in Belgium,
Inguna Oyere, a glove adder from Vidriji,
Inguna Simonson, People's applied art studio '' Urga ',
Ingona Hofmane, the company's “clean” mastery,
Ingona Simonson, People's applied art “Urga”,
Inita Headquarters, the company's “clean” mastery,
Inta Feldmane, company of the company “net”,
Inta Gavarina, New Palace House,
Inta Jansone, Luxembourg Latvian rock band “Shanthotsle”,
Inta salesman, Eldas Lindes applied art studio,
Inta Zīle, People's applied art studio “source”,
Irene Distress, a glove adder from Saldus,
Irene Fiodorova, a glove adder from Auces,
Irene Gudermane, company of the company “net”,
Irene Žukovsky, company of the company “net”,
Irma Kuzncova, the company's “clean” mastery,
Iveta apple, handpiece “Chaupe”,
Iveta Daugule, glove adder from Salaspils,
Iveta Grantina, New Palace House,
Iveta Raipala, an artisanal craftsman,
Iveta Seimanova, a glove adder from Vidiguiža,
Iveta Tambaka, a glove adrant from Riga,
Iveta Tindenovska, Ventspils handwriting studio “wings”,
Iveta Vilcāne, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Ivita Peipina, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Isola Blumate, People's applied art studio “friendship”,
Yelena Traide, the centre of the artisanal craftsmen,
Jolanta Beinarovich, Ada gloves in Scotland,
Jonah Turner, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Mālniece of July, the company's “clean” mastery,
River Carmen, Saulkrasti applied art studio “crossings”,
Kristiana's source, the company's “clean” mastery,
Christine Sakse, a glove adder from Ledmane,
Christine Bergholce, handset “Chaupe”,
Christine Kanasha, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Christine storm, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Lila Irbe, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Lima in the spirit, People's applied art studio “barbele”,
Laima Gradauska, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Laimdota Kalva, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Lauma Ruvete, the company's “clean” mastery,
Lauma Tomina, People's applied art studio “Urga”,
Laura cross, People's applied art studio “Caire”
Laura Raupe, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Leontinne Jakobsone, People's applied art studio “live”,
Liana Petersone, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Lidia Petrevica, handset “Chaupe”,
Liene Zeidler, handset “Chaupe”,
Flame Jēkabon, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Flame Pruce, company “net” mastare,
Liggy pine, People's applied art “Kalme”,
Lily Kokarevich, Ances parish handset “Paukers”,
Linda strain, a group of people in Sabiles's cultural house,
Linda Krūmiņa, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Linda Purina, a glove adder from Riga,
Linda Rubena, a glove admitter from Riga,
League Barbara, People's applied art studio “charm”,
League Grinberga, Ances parish handset “Paukers”,
League Muižarja, Ventspils handwriting studio “wings”
League Ozolina, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
League Rozīte, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
League laugh, Alyde Linde's applied art studio,
League Sokolovsky, handset “Chaupe”,
League Strauss, a group of people in Sabile's cultural house,
Livija Bondarenko, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Ludmila Gubane, handset “Chaupe”,
Maiga Cīrule, the company's “clean” mastery,
Mayor of May, Luxembourg Latvian rock band “Shanthotsslis”,
The hinge of May, the glove adder from Balvi,
May Neilande, People's applied art studio “source”,
Maira Kugulina, the centre of the artisanal craftsmen,
Maria Liekmane, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Marika Rutkowska, a glove adder from Jelgava,
Marita Špizkopfa, Appella Lindes applied art studio,
Maruta Arja, the glove adder from the Stopians,
Maruta Birzniece, handset “Chaupe”,
Maruta Strada, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Mara Gavare, People's applied art studio “source”,
Mara Russians, People's applied art “Kalme”,
Mara Mertena, a businesslike art collective “Nāmets”,
Melita Medne, People's lietiškās Art studio “Saldus”,
Milda Dirina, a “course” of the People's applied art studio,
Mirald Stripkāne, glove adder from Kekava
Mirdza Bibikova, People's applied art studio “kamolite”,
Mudite oak, handpiece “Chaupe”,
Mudite Petersone, People's applied art studio “Kalme”
The Mudite rook, the company's “clean” mastery,
Niedra Indriksone, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Nina Bondare, New Palace House,
Olga Pruse, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Raima Dirda, the company's “clean” mastery,
Rasma Freimane, a glove admitter from Valmiera
Rasma herb, Saulkrasti applied art studio “crossings”,
Rita Pogoska, a “course” of the People's applied art studio,
Rita Smiltniece, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Rita Valdmane, People's applied art studio “barbele”,
Rhythm Melbarde, the centre of the artisanal craftsmen,
Rudite mug, company “clean” mastare,
Ruth Averchenko, the company's “clean” mastery,
Ruth Ilgaža, a glove adder from Salaspils,
Ruth Platace, applied art collective “Nāmets”,
Ruth Ziemele, People's applied art studio “Vīkale”,
Ruth Sukovsky, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Sandra Bakualina, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Sandra's tree, the glove-adder's woods,
Sandra Lismane, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Sandra Paula, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Sanita Lepere, the company's “clean” mastery,
Sanita shaft, People's applied art studio “Vīkale”,
Sanita Vilchina, a glove adder from Alūksne,
Santa Žaime, Ventspils studio studio “wings”
Sarmitte Greenfogele, New Palace House,
Sarmite Rojkalne, handset “Chaupe”,
Saulcerite line, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Sigita van Bruchem, Ada gloves in Canada
Silva Christmas, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Cynthia Rudzit, Ada gloves in Minsters,
Skaidrite Karlovica, a set of Lutri handsets,
Skaidrite musical, company “clean” mastery,
Skaidrite Pure, the People's Applied Art studio “Waldzins”,
Skaidrite Voitaha, People's applied art studio “Urga”,
Clear-tremble Pour, the company's “clean” mastery,
Scarlet Mežale, People's applied art studio “rota”,
Smiling Rozenfelde, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Snievete Zonenberg, handset “Chaupe”,
Solveiga Skujiņa, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Solvita Zarupska, Ada gloves in Italy,
Svetlana Mukane, Ventspils handwriting studio “wings”,
Tabita sunshine, Ventspils studio studio “wings”,
Tekla Rožkalne, the company's “clean” mastery,
Ulrika Zeberina, a group of people in Sabiles's cultural house,
Vaira Briede, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
Vaira Janson, Ventspils studio studio “wings”
Valda Dedze, People's Applied Art studio “Heart”,
Valentine Poznac, a glove adder from Brunavas,
Vanda podina, the People's applied art studio “barbele”,
Welga Pavlovska, New Palace House,
Welga Shtamgote, New Palace House,
Velta Jeroņina, a “course” of the People's applied art studio,
Vera Grigale, company of the company “net”,
Vignette Bruce, company of the company “net”,
Wicky leaf, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Via Shtaus, a glove adder from Puze,
Vija Shubin, People's applied art studio “source”,
Victoria Razuma, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Viola Rusele, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Virginia Simonson, Saulkrasti applied art studio “crossings”,
Vita Buja, People's applied art studio “irbi”,
Vita Ošeniece, handset “Chaupe”,
Vita Purpiena, People's applied art studio “Caire”,
Viveta Keler, glove adder from Kuldīga,
Visitor Dulberg, a glove adder from Ergland,
Zaiga Ceimere, an artisanal craftsman,
Zaiga Fadeyeva, New Palace House,
Zane potdina, People's applied art studio “charm”,
Zenta Bogatsk, glove adder from Cēsis
Zinaida Kļaviņa, Lizuma amateurs “kind”,
Zinta Blanka, an artisanal craftsman,
Zinta shaft, the centre of the craftsmen,
Jenny's bush, the People's applied art studio “irbi”.
People of other nationalities who feel connected to Latvia directly through the glove addiction tradition:
Ai Suzuki, Japan,
Aja Eddin, USA,
Barbara McWilliamd, USA,
Barbro Holmberg, Sweden,
Callie Maidhof, USA,
Carla Meijsen, Netherlands,
Cornelie Müller-Gödecke, Germany,
Daiga Helmeste, Canada,
Diane Pearsall, USA,
Elisabeth Kopff, France,
Ineke Dillmann, Netherlands,
Jana Moore, USA,
Jeanne Giberson, USA,
Lena Lohmus, Estonia,
Margot Bailey, USA,
Martha Bus, Netherlands,
Mary Germain, USA,
Nicolette Theunisz, Netherlands,
Sandy de Master, USA.
The glove enthusiastic, pedagogical and researcher Maruta Grasmane shared the knowledge of his practitioner for many years, working in close collaboration with the admitters who wanted to knitting the written gloves, but did not always know how to do it better. Many of his pupils and admitters, MR Grasmane, have trained ethnographic gloves in fineness, focusing on the diversity of gloves, the complexity of techniques and the amazing colours of color.
MS Grasmanes's students: Ingona Oyere, Linda Rubena, Anda Mazosis, Zieditte Museum, Baiba Vaivare and others, continue the promotion of gloves, creating a variety of events and events that attract new glove adors, expanding the arc of the ethnographic gloves.

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Institutions and Organizations

The preservation and transfer of ethnographic gloves addiction traditions to future generations through their activities is facilitated by “People's suits centre IN ANCIENT ROCK”. The Latvian National Cultural Centre consists of activities related to both the training of gloves and the formation of various exhibitions. The writing of the written gloves is also the basis of the activities of the Enterprise and Hobby Wool.
The gloves in Ada in many studios and clusters, but especially gloves, are focused on organisations such AS TLMS: “irbi”, “wallet”, “barbele”, “Caire”, “vouchers”, “Liepava”, “course”, “Kalme”, “saga”, “rota”, “kamolite”, “vein”, “Urga”, “spring” “dawn”, “Atkalnis”, “Vīkale”, Ventspils handpiece studio “wings”, a handset of “Chaupe”, the Rucava craftsmanship, and the artwork centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the artisanal centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the artisanal centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the artwork centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the artwork centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archiatric centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the archipelago centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava craftsmanship, the fever craftsmanship centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava artisan assembly, the artwork center, the New Castle house, the Rucava craftsman, the fever craftsman centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava craftsmanship, the fever craftsman centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava craftsman, the fever craftsman centre, the New Castle house, the Rucava craftsman, the fever craftsman centre, the New Palace house, the Rucava craftsmanship, the fever craftsman centre, the New Castle house, the

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Strengthening the Tradition

At the end of the 20 th century, the interest in the knitting of ethnographic gloves diminished, and the gloves to be bought in the shop were considered more valuable, until Mirdza praised – in 1990, the “Latvian Writing gloves” gave an insight into the history of Latvian gloves and their diversity.
In 2012, Marutas Grasmanes's book “Latvians gloves” was published, which was the next step in promoting the knitting of ethnographic gloves. MR Grasmane, on the basis of museum supplies and special literature, on his master's and handwriting experience, emphasized the importance and value of the first masters in the book.
Ethnography Aija Janson has performed research in ethnograph scientific expeditions, which have been produced in monographs on Latgale – Varkava (Jansone 2008), Kurzeme – Rucava (2011) and Vidzeme (2014) human addiction habits today.
These expenditures inspired the admitters to focus on the addiction of their novada gloves, emphasising the peculiarity of each of them.
A good incentive for the preservation of the glove addiction tradition, the taste of taste and beauty of beauty is local and national glove exhibitions, in which members of the People's applied art studies and rock groups participate with their works. Also the project - “meet your masters” and masters focus on specific knitting techniques. More and more gloves in the world of world public admiration are involved in the “flashes” of gloves. The gloves and their knitting are subject to conferences and postage stamps. In 2018, the invitation to draw the written gloves, waiting for the centuries of Latvia, created a great interest in the knitting of gloves, was knitted not only in Latvia but also Latvians abroad and admitters from various countries of the world.

The knitting of ethnographic gloves is currently topical as it provides a lot of new discoveries and opportunities. With their inner sorting and soulness, the mitter is able to speak even those who have not previously adjured.
With Mirdza's praise, “Latvian written gloves” began the Latvian-written gloves Renaissance. After the articles collected in the book, the gloves were knitted throughout Latvia. Marutas Grasmanes's book “Latvians' gloves” made it possible to explore the sense of color and the rhythm of characters and the delicacy – the nuances that have faded over time. The readers recognized the world of ethnographic gloves, the enemies of the Community, who adjured directly Latvian ethnographic gloves in all Latvian cultural and historical areas, including abroad. Aija Janson's books encouraged the admitters to focus on the identification and knitting of the drained gloves.
The organized art exhibitions of the People's Business Studies maintain and continue the ethnographic glove knitting tradition. To see his knitted gloves in the Song and Dance Festival exhibition, the advocate has a great honour, which provides an incentive to work and also do creativity gloves, which successfully combine traditions with each master's desire to create his own personal handwriting, working with elements of characters, colours of color, glove form, and the texture of the knife.

Several books on knitted gloves have been issued with the support of the National Cultural Capital Foundation (hereinafter KKF), including in 2012 Marutas Grasmanes ethnographic gloves book “Latvians gloves”, which can be read in seven languages and is called “Latvian glove Bible” in the world. Many projects related to gloves have received funding FROM THE CKF, such as the international scientific-practical conference in Riga “gloves world” in 2014, the glove addiction programme “Ada in Kurzeme” in 2017. As a result of this programme, more than 160 admitters from 20 countries of the world have met the traditions of Latvian gloves and gifts, enriching their experience in gloves. The latest project supported BY THE VKKF is the digital “Latvian glove map”, which includes gloves from all drains, yet only 100, from each place to one. Thanks TO THE financial support OF THE CKF, work on future projects is ongoing.

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Continuity/Development

In order to increase the interest in the knitting of ethnographic gloves, to know the variety of written gloves, several glove knitting sets and authors work on glove research and new expenditure. The Rucava amateur community and the ethnic cultural centre “Suiti” are working on the creation of their national gloves book. At the stage of development is THE project supported BY THE CKF - Marutas Grasmanes's book on the technical process of kimdu knitting, which explains the process of knitting the glove step by step, giving the Council that the glove can be picked up. The book will be a teaching material for the admitters. Work on Jettes Ujānes gloves book is also happening. Although these gloves are copyrighted, their nature is deeply rooted in the traditions of Latvian ethnographic gloves.
The Center FOR People's suits IN THE ANCIENT BLOCK, advising stakeholders about the People's Chats, also updates the written glove theme every time, organizes glove-knitting masters, organizes exhibitions, produces methodical materials for gloves, which are used in the training of people in glove needles.

The skills of our grandmother's gloves have been learned in the family - a skilled advocate, but today, when the family is no longer a carrier of these ancient skills, the literature of the work is very important - books that can find answers to questions of interest, where the process of knitting with all the technical nuances is addressed and the articles are drawn. In the near future, the counselors are planning to issue books on the knitting of ethnographic gloves in their municipality. TLMS, handsets and knitting workshops plan to continue to knit gloves so that we do not lose the cultural wealth of the Latvian People – the diversity of the written gloves. For the preservation and development of ethnographic gloves knitting skills IN THE ANCIENT BLOCK, masters, masterdays and other knitting events will be created every year, where the traditional adjudication of Latvian gloves will be taught. Masters are provided with adjacent masters and enthusiastic experience sharing in written gloves. It is planned to draw the attention of the gloves to local and regional museums to learn and learn a less known glove stock. In 2022, THE ANCIENT CLUB, along with Latvian National Cultural Centre, plans to organize the first international Latvian gloves exhibition to show the Latvian ethnographic gloves and their special location in Latvian cultural space.

The gloves are a very special part of our People's art and we are responsible for storing the richness of the characters and the colour of the colour. In the future, it is thought to continue exploring, knitting and promoting Latvian ethnographic gloves. If the knitting is carried out in masters classes, it is important to attract young stakeholders who need to be deeply deepened into the ethnographic glove material during the start-up phase of the needle. The direct repetition of ethnographic samples will be a good school for the acquisition and continuation of the gloves of the gloves - the principles of the choice of articles and colours will encourage addicts to make up new and interesting glove compositions, create expressive creativity gloves and, at the same time, do not lose the richness of the Latvian People's special gloves.
In 2022, a large audience of viewers will be able to explore the diversity of ethnographic gloves, where the gloves will be positioned as one of Latvia's traditional cultural symbols.

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Threats to the Tradition

Today, the number of household hours is still decreasing in schools, and it is not possible to learn the teaching skills. If such a chance is denied in future, the acquisition of gloves and the link to traditional culture will be at risk in subsequent generations.
There is also a tendency that glove articles are simplifying, the needle becomes more coarse, with less charms, Ada with a yarn in a modest choice of color. Relatively little to the general public is told about the traditions of the charming and decoration of each municipality. Kurzeme District gloves are being made most in Latvia because they are the most likely. It is important to be aware of the richness of each of his own articles, to continue to collect and preserve them. If there is no knowledge at least about the cultural heritage of its municipality, if it is not interested in it, the tradition of knitting the gloves will be endangered.
The threat at the material level is the purchase of quality and suitable yarn - there are only a few companies in Latvia who produce a good, ethnographic gloves. It often tends to be uneven, its thickness varies, which makes it difficult to accuracy of smooth needles and patterns. The masters buy import yarns, which are high-quality, only often the colour is pure from the flower of the latvic colour, as well as the yarn of the yarn, and the gloves often become softer, even - fuzzy.

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Applicant

People's suits centre ANCIENT ROCK

Gallery

Cimdi uz sētas

Latvian ethnographic gloves
Photo: Monta Grasmane. Gloves from Vidzeme, Kurzeme and Latgale. 2010.

Cimdu_adīšana

Admitters share their gloves needles
Photo: Monta Grasmane. Needles: Linda Rubena, Inga Jakobson, Zinaida Arklone and Dagnia Nazkalne. 2018.

Maruta_Japāna

Latvian glove knitting masterpiece in Japan
Photo: Monta Grasmane. Maruta Grasmane was teaching ethnographic gloves in Tokyo. 2019.

Adīsim Kurzemē

The first Latvian ethnographic glove knitting camp “Let's go to Kurzeme!”
Photo: Dainis Gelzis. The closing lesson of the gloves for the admitters from nine countries of the world. 2017.

cimdotalatvija

Promotion “CIMDOTA LATVIA”
Photo: Ilmārs Znotiņš, Latvian national centenary of the Ministry of Culture. Celebrations of the centenary of Latvia with glove admitters from abroad. 2018.

Ilze Kopmane

MASTER'S TRUNK: Ilzes Kopmanes gloves exhibition
Photo: Monta Grasmane. Glove knitting meister Ilze Kopmane in the opening of the glove exhibition. 2019.

Meistardienas

“Come on your master.” North Latgale glove addiction traditions
Photo: Christmas museum. Meister Anita Cpva from Baltiva gives her North Latgale glove addiction skills to Aquarai Lesnika. 2020.

Latgale

Postage from the series “GLOVES”
Artist Arta Oak - New Arab. South Latgale People's suits and gloves. 2005.

Grāmata

The book “LATVIAN GLOVES”
Artist Arta Oak - New Arab. Author Marutas Grasmane. 2012.

GaneAda3

Knitting shepherds
Photo: Jānis student. Shepherd Ede gang Ada. 1928.

Video Material

Ethnographic glove knitting traditions and skills. The value of the gloves.
Video: Austra Apsyte. Gloves and gloves. 2020.

Meet your master IN THE ANCIENT PAW.
Video: Monta Grasmane. The masters share their gloves. 2021.

Text Resources

CIMDI_ticējumi, parunas - Copy

Folk songs, beliefs, dough
Latvian People's folklore

Materiāls etnogrāfisko cimdu adīšanas apgūšanai

Lielvārde drain glove knife
Marutas Grasmanes methodical material for the knitting of the Lielvārde municipality glove

Publications

Grasmane M. (1992). Household: crochetting and knitting. Riga

Grasmane M. (2012). Latvian gloves. Riga

Janson A. (2008). The live glove and sock-knitting tradition in Varkava. Riga: science

Janson A. (2011). Rucava script inheritance Riga: science

Janson A. (2014). East vividian-patterned mitts. Riga: science

Latvian People's tērpi: 1. d. Vidzeme (1995) Riga

Latvian People's tērpi: 2. d. Kurzeme (1997) Riga

Latvian People's tērpi: 3. d. Zemgale, Upper Land, Latgale (2003) Riga

Rubene E., Ivanova G. (1956) needles and needles. Riga

Slava M. (1990) Latvian written gloves Riga: science

Sudmalis J. (1961) glove articles. Riga

Upirtis L. (1981) Latvian gloves. Articles and techniques. Minnesota

Vilnius, I. (sast). (2019). Dagdys nupvoda Pyura skiris gruomot. Dagda: Municipality of Dagda municipality

Ziedonis I. (1999) gloves. Mittens. Riga: Jumava

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Websites

Latvian Municipality glove map. - Latvian gloves card is an information store and a source of information that can explore the unique value of Latvian traditional culture – Latvian gloves. The map shows more than 100 gloves from various Latvian provinces.

Glove knife in Rucava. - The glove needles from Rucava meet to learn how to admit Rucava robes to the knowing masters.

Glove knife in Rucava. - The soldiers gathered for the knitting of Rucava gloves to share their skills talk about the traditions of Rucava gloves.

The book “LATVIAN GLOVES”. - TV news story of the publication of the book “LATVIANS GLOVES”, interview with author M.Grasman.

Glove knitting in the Gauja. - TV news story of glove knife and glove exhibition in Gauja.

Rucava glove knitting school. - Aizputes TV news stories about the final event of the Rucava glove school.

Knitting knife. - Virtual lesson of the Riga municipal cultural institutions' association for admitters “gloves of gloves”.

Knitting of ethnographic gloves. - Virtual masterpiece of the Jurmala Amaturia in the knitting of ethnographic gloves.

Latvian gloves in foreign social networks. - Latvian gloves registered by members of the Raverly site of different countries.

Glove-knitted flashing. - a video clip on the glove knife in the station area.

Gloves in Rēzekne. - In Rezekne, the ancient gloves of the gloves are used and historical gloves are restored.

The glove exhibition in Madona. - a glove exhibition in the Madona Museum to honor the written Latvian gloves.

International conference “gloves world”. - A TV story prepared by journalist Ilze Strenga for the morning panorama on the international practice gloves adventure conference “gloves world”.

Latvian gloves are filmed by Japanese. - Japanese TV is a story of a COLLECTION of ANCIENT gloves. The story is composed in Japan by Imoto Ayako.

On 18 November, wear patterned gloves! - Fun Latvia's centennial advertising story on the wear of knitted gloves on 18 November.

Gloves in Talsi. - members of the glove-knitting event “Let's go to Kurzeme!” from various countries participate in the masterclass “Women's fingernails” in Talsi at the People's applied art studio “live”.

The Marie Doris of the gloves. - Vidzeme TV story of the glove ador Maria Doris from Skujenes.

“Grandma” and classic walkie-knit techniques. - This video helps you determine the method of knitting and understand what you need to face or otherwise admit the good and Casilic charms.

Knitting training on the phone. - a telephonic guide for the start of the glove, when the admitter forgets the newly acquired new type of sketch.

Koolair, monstrous, delnious. - LTV news story of Latvian National History Museum gloves exhibition.

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